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Table 3 Factors associated with neonatal mortality at Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Harar, Ethiopia, 2020

From: Neonatal mortality among neonates admitted to NICU of Hiwot Fana specialized university hospital, eastern Ethiopia, 2020: a cross-sectional study design

Variables Neonatal mortality COR (95% CI) AOR (95%CI)
Survived Died
ANC follow-up Yes 544 73 1 1
No 159 45 2.11 (1.398,3.182) ** 0.864 (0.437,1.709)
APH No 91 43 1 1
Yes 38 43 2.395 (1.358,4.224) * 4.126 (1.923,8.853) **
PIH No 91 45 1 1
Yes 38 41 2.182 (1.237,3.85) * 4.406 (1.969,9.861) **
Type of pregnancy Single 652 99 1 1
Multiple 51 19 2.454 (1.391,4.328) * 2.869 (1.082,7.609) *
Place of delivery Hospital 613 85 1 1
Home 21 14 4.8 (2.356,9.811) ** 3.475 (0.719,16.804)
Health center 69 19 1.986 (1.139,3.46) * 5.048 (1.723,14.788) *
Prematurity No 541 58 1 1
Yes 162 60 3.455 (2.31,5.161) ** 0.398 (0.127,1.244)
Low birth weight No 496 43 1 1
Yes 207 75 4.179 (2.778,6.29) ** 4.005 (1.301,12.326) *
Sepsis No 338 44 1 1
Early-onset 290 62 1.642 (1.082,2.492) * 3.931 (1.837,8.412) **
Late-onset 75 12 1.229 (0.619,2.440) 4.587 (1.093,19.252) *
Asphyxia No 556 69 1 1
Yes 147 49 2.686 (1.785,4.04) ** 3.848 (1.829,8.096) **
Respiratory distress syndrome No 680 103 1 1
Yes 23 15 4.306 (2.175,8.52) ** 1.662 (0.566,4.875)
  1. CI Confidence Interval, COR Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds ratio, APH Antepartum Hemorrhage, MAS Meconium Aspiration Syndrome, RDS Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  2. *Significant with P < 0.05 and ** Significant with P < 0.001
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