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Table 4 The WHO standard of care for young children with severe pneumonia

From: Impact of systematic early tuberculosis detection using Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra in children with severe pneumonia in high tuberculosis burden countries (TB-Speed pneumonia): a stepped wedge cluster randomized trial

Care Conditions
Antibiotics Broad spectrum intravenous antibiotics
Oxygen therapy If oxygen saturation < 90% or signs of hypoxia
Additional supportive care Airway management, fever treatment, bronchodilators or steroids, fluids and nutritional support (including breastfeeding or nasogastric tube if needed)
Specific therapies for comorbidities HIV infection, malnutrition
Chest X-ray If possible, for children with severe pneumonia not responding to treatment or complications or unclear diagnosis or associated with HIV
Monitoring By a nurse at least every 3 h and by a doctor at least twice a day
Follow up If possible, 2 weeks after discharge, to check the child’s nutrition