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Table 1 Clinical features of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) at diagnosis

From: Etiologic distribution and clinical characteristics of pediatric diabetes in 276 children and adolescents with diabetes at a single academic center

  Type 1 DM Type 2 DM MODY Neonatal DM CFRD Genetic syndromes MIDD
Patients, n (%) 206 (74.6) 49 (17.8) 8 (2.9) 2 (0.7) 2 (0.7) 6 (2.2) 3 (1.1)
Age at diagnosis, years 9.9 ± 3.8 13.7 ± 2.1 13.5 ± 2.8 0.1 10.6 2.1 ± 2.7 4.1 ± 0.9
BMI Z-score −0.83 ± 1.22 2.59 ± 1.47 − 0.33 ± 1.00 NA 0.45 ± 4.01 NA − 3.29 ± 2.05
HbA1c, % 12.1 ± 2.5 10.0 ± 2.0 9.7 ± 3.0 NA 6.9 9.4 ± 2.9 8.2 ± 2.8
C-peptide, ng/mL 0.9 ± 1.0 4.7 ± 2.7 2.2 ± 1.9 0.45 3.1 22.9 ± 38.8 6.3 ± 4.9
Antibody positivity, n (%) 137/190 (72.1) 7/49 (14.3) 0 0 0 0 0
DKA at diagnosis, n (%) 40 (19.4) 1 (2.0) 0 0 0 0 0
  1. BMI body mass index, CFRD cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, DKA diabetic ketoacidosis, HbA1c hemoglobin A1c, MIDD maternally inherited diabetes and deafness, NA not available