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Table 2 Potential determinants of screen time & parental supervised screen viewing

From: Association of screen time with parent-reported cognitive delay in preschool children of Kerala, India

Characteristics Total (N = 189) Screen time Supervised screen viewing
> 1 Hr (N = 170) < 1 Hr (N = 19) p value Inconsistent (N = 85) Consistent (N = 104) p value
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age at Introduction < 1 year 13 (6.9) 13 (7.7) 0 (0.0) 0.37 6 (7.1) 7 (6.7) 1
Own Own Device 14 (7.4) 12 (7.1) 2 (10.5) 0.64 10 (11.8) 4 (3.9) 0.05*
Type of Screen TV 145 (76.7) 131 (77.1) 14 (73.7) 0.78 63 (74.1) 82 (78.9) 0.49
Mobile 98 (51.9) 90 (52.9) 8 (42.1) 0.47 48 (56.5) 50 (48.1) 0.31
Tablet 15 (7.9) 12 (7.1) 3 (15.8) 0.18 6 (7.1) 9 (8.7) 0.79
Video Game 2 (1.1) 2 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 1.00 0 (0.0) 2 (1.9) 0.50
Computer 15 (7.9) 11 (6.5) 4 (21.1) 0.05* 3 (3.5) 12 (11.5) 0.06
Content Viewed Gaming 26 (13.8) 24 (14.1) 2 (10.5) 1.00 11 (12.9) 15 (14.4) 0.83
Cartoon 156 (82.5) 142 (83.5) 14 (73.7) 0.34 66 (77.7) 90 (86.5) 0.13
YouTube 49 (25.9) 42 (24.7) 7 (36.8) 0.27 23 (27.1) 26 (25.0) 0.87
Other Devices 14 (7.4) 12 (7.1) 2 (10.5) 0.64 5 (5.9) 9 (8.7) 0.58
Time of Use < 1Hr Before Bed 112 (59.3) 99 (58.2) 13 (68.4) 0.47 53 (62.4) 59 (56.7) 0.46
Meal Time 137 (72.5) 128 (75.3) 9 (47.4) 0.01* 56 (65.9) 81 (77.9) 0.07
Context of Screen Use On Demand 102 (54.0) 97 (57.1) 5 (26.3) 0.01* 53 (62.4) 49 (47.1) 0.04*
Reward 32 (16.9) 29 (17.1) 3 (15.8) 1.00 12 (14.1) 20 (19.2) 0.44
Pacify 26 (13.8) 25 (14.7) 1 (5.3) 0.48 14 (16.5) 12 (11.5) 0.40
Tantrums 110 (58.2) 101 (59.4) 9 (47.4) 0.34 50 (58.8) 60 (57.7) 0.88
Planned 41 (21.7) 33 (19.4) 8 (42.1) 0.04* 11 (12.9) 30 (28.9) 0.01*
Supervision Consistent Supervision 104 (55.0) 95 (55.9) 9 (47.4) 0.63 N/A N/A N/A
Co-view 136 (72.0) 44 (25.9) 9 (47.4) 0.06
Monitor - Content 176 (93.1) 159 (93.5) 17 (89.5) 0.62
Monitor - Time 184 (97.4) 166 (97.7) 18 (94.7) 0.41
Set Time Limit 135 (71.4) 128 (75.3) 19 (100.0) 0.01*
Screen Free Interval 137 (72.5) 125 (73.5) 12 (63.2) 0.42
Screen Time > 1 Hour 170 (89.9) N/A N/A N/A 75 (88.24) 95 (91.35) 0.63
  1. *p < 0.05