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Table 1 Characteristics of NCUs that received ABC intervention, N = 7 hospitals

From: Quality improvement strategies to improve inpatient management of small and sick newborns across All Babies Count supported hospitals in rural Rwanda

  Baseline, n (%) Endline, n (%)
Staff
 Total number of NCU staff, median [IQR] 4 [4-5] 5 [5-5]
 Average number of staff on day duty, median [IQR] 1 [1-2] 1 [1-2]
Availability of functioning essential medical equipment in 7 NCUs
 Ambu bag for infants with masks Size 0,1 7 (100.0) 7 (100.0)
 Infant radiant warmer with Bed 6 (85.7) 5 (71.4)
 Tubing for syringe pumps 2 (28.6) 2 (28.6)
 Electric syringe pumps 4 (57.1) 7 (100.0)
 50 ml syringes for syringe pumps 2 (28.6) 2 (28.6)
 Penguin Suction Bulb 7 (100.0) 7 (100.0)
 Electric Suction Machine/Aspirator 6 (85.7) 4 (57.1)
 Vital Signs Monitors (at least cardio and O2 Sat) 4 (57.1) 7 (100.0)
 CPAP 1 (14.3) 7 (100.0)
Availability of essential medicines in NCUs
 Aminophylline 6 (85.7) 7 (100.0)
 Phenobarbital 6 (85.7) 6 (85.7)
 Ampicillin 7 (100.0) 7 (100.0)
 Gentamycin 6 (85.7) 7 (100.0)
 Cefotaxime (in pharmacy) 7 (100.0) 7 (100.0)
Main Reasons for NCU admission
 Total number of admissions in NCU 850 (100.0) 1049 (100.0)
 Birth Asphyxia 175 (20.6) 183 (17.4)
 Prematurity/LBW 283 (33.3) 343 (32.7)