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Table 4 The multiple comparisons of PIPP score in different phases and groups

From: Comparison of facilitated tucking and oral dextrose in reducing the pain of heel stick in preterm infants: a randomized clinical trial

PIPP Score(I) Group(J) GroupMean Difference (I-J)Sig.95% Confidence Interval
Before heel stickControlOral Dextrose−0.040.98[−0.53, 0.46]
Facilitated tucking0.001.00(−0.50, 0.50)
Oral DextroseControl0.040.98(−0.46, 0.53)
Facilitated tucking0.040.98(−0.46, 0.53)
Facilitated tuckingControl0.001.00(−0.50, 0.50)
Oral Dextrose−0.040.98(−0.53, 0.46)
During heel stickControlOral Dextrose5.30< 0.001(4.77, 5.82)
Facilitated tucking3.33< 0.001(2.81, 3.85)
Oral DextroseControl−5.30< 0.001(−5.82, −4.77)
Facilitated tucking−1.96< 0.001(−2.48, −1.44)
Facilitated tuckingControl−3.33< 0.001(−3.85, − 2.81)
Oral Dextrose1.96< 0.001(1.44, 2.48)
After heel stickControlOral Dextrose3.13< 0.001(2.61, 3.64)
Facilitated tucking1.75< 0.001(1.24, 2.26)
Oral DextroseControl−3.13< 0.001(− 3.64, −2.61)
Facilitated tucking−1.38< 0.001(−1.89, −0.86)
Facilitated tuckingControl−1.75< 0.001(−2.26, − 1.24)
Oral Dextrose1.38< 0.001(0.86, 1.89)
During and before heel stickControlOral Dextrose5.33< 0.001(5.16, 5.51)
Facilitated tucking3.33< 0.001(3.16, 3.51)
Oral DextroseControl−5.33< 0.001(−5.51, −5.16)
Facilitated tucking−2.00< 0.001(−2.17, −1.83)
Facilitated tuckingControl−3.33< 0.001(−3.51, −3.16)
Oral Dextrose2.00< 0.001(1.83, 2.17)
After and during heel stickControlOral Dextrose−2.17< 0.001(− 2.34, − 2.00)
Facilitated tucking−1.58< 0.001(− 1.75, − 1.41)
Oral DextroseControl2.17< 0.001(2.00, 2.34)
Facilitated tucking0.58< 0.001(0.41, 0.75)
Facilitated tuckingControl1.58< 0.001(1.41, 1.75)
Oral Dextrose−0.58< 0.001(−0.75, −0.41)
After and before heel stickControlOral Dextrose3.17< 0.001(3.04, 3.29)
Facilitated tucking1.75< 0.001(1.62, 1.88)
Oral DextroseControl−3.17< 0.001(−3.29, −3.04)
Facilitated tucking−1.42< 0.001(−1.54, −1.29)
Facilitated tuckingControl−1.75< 0.001(−1.88, − 1.62)
Oral Dextrose1.42< 0.001(1.29, 1.54)