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Table 3 Linear regression coefficient for association between WASH related variables and nutritional outcomes among under-five Nepalese children (n = 2320)

From: Water, sanitation and hygiene practices associated with improved height-for-age, weight-for-height and weight-for-age z-scores among under-five children in Nepal

WASH OutcomesHeight-for-age (β^, 95%CI)Weight-for-height (β^, 95%CI)Weight-for-age (β^, 95%CI)
UnadjustedAdjustedUnadjustedAdjustedUnadjustedAdjusted
Sanitation Coverage0.54 (0.35, 0.74)***0.28 (0.001, 0.56) a,*0.66 (0.50, 0.82)***0.19 (− 0.04, 0.42) a0.78 (0.62, 0.94)***0.30 (0.12, 0.48)a, **
Water Purification
 Yes0.37 (0.16, 0.59)**−0.02 (− 0.24, 0.20) b0.52 (0.38, 0.67)***0.24 (0.07, 0.41)b, **0.56 (0.38, 0.73)***0.11 (−0.06, 0.28) b
 No (Ref)111111
Water & Soap available
 Yes0.46 (0.32, 0.59)***0.09 (−0.05, 0.22) c0.29 (0.18, 0.40)***0.13 (0.01, 0.24)c, *0.47 (0.35, 0.58)***0.15 (0.04, 0.25)c, **
 No (Ref)1 11111
  1. aAdjusted for child’s birth weight, child’s age, child’s sex wealth quintiles, use of clean fuel, sex of household head, ecological region, area of residence, women’s age, women's marital status, women’s education, women’s smoking status, women’s BMI, ANC 4th visits, institutional delivery, frequency of watching TV, child's diarrhea incidence over past 2 weeks, household water purification practice and household water and soap availability
  2. bAdjusted for child’s birth weight, child’s age, child’s sex wealth quintiles, use of clean fuel, sex of household head, ecological region, area of residence, women’s age, women's marital status, women’s education, women’s smoking status, women’s BMI, ANC 4th visits, institutional delivery, frequency of watching TV, child's diarrhea incidence over past 2 week, cluster sanitation coverage and household water and soap availability
  3. cAdjusted for child’s birth weight, child’s age, child’s sex wealth quintiles, use of clean fuel, sex of household head, ecological region, area of residence, women’s age, women's marital status, women’s education, women’s smoking status, women’s BMI, ANC 4th visits, institutional delivery, frequency of watching TV, child's diarrhea incidence over past 2 weeks, cluster sanitation coverage and household water purification practice
  4. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001