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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical parameters of the case-patients included syndromic surveillance, July to December, 2015

From: Suspected paracetamol overdose in Monrovia, Liberia: a matched case–control study

  Total (N = 77)
n (%)   n (%)
Characteristics   Biochemical Indices  
Male 40 (52) Hypoglycaemia  
Age   Once 43 (57)
≤1 years 56 (73) Continuous over 24 h 7 (9)
> 1–2 years 12 (15) AST level (n = 69)  
> 2 years 9 (12) <  2 times ULN 5 (7)
Died 35(46) 2–5 times the normal range 12 (17)
Symptoms   > 5 times the normal range 52 (75)
Hyperthermia (total) 43(56) AST activity > 1000 units/L 35 (51)
Upon admission 26(34) ALT activity (n = 69)  
2nd day of hospitalisation 5(6) <  2 times the normal range 11 (16)
Continuous over 2 days 12(16) 2–5 times the normal range 11 (16)
Respiratory distress (total) 76 (99) > 5 times the normal range 47 (68)
Upon admission 21 (27) ALT activity > 1000 units/L 30 (44)
2nd day of hospitalisation 4 (5) ALP activity (n = 69)  
Continued after 2 days post-admission 51 (66) Normal 60 (87)
Respiratory distress without Hypoxemia 65 (84) Mildly elevated < 2 times ULN 9 (13)
Neurological Status   Total Bilirubin concentration (n = 69)  
Irritable (total) 9 (12) Normal 28 (41)
Upon admission 2 (3) Mild Elevation 13 (19)
2nd day of hospitalisation (total) 6 (8) Elevation of (2-3 mg/dl) 14 (20)
Recovering 5 (7) Elevation of (> 3 mg/dl) 14 (20)
Worsening 1 (1) Serum Creatinine (n = 68)  
Continuous over 2 days 1 (1) Normal 7 (10)
Lethargic (total) 31 (40) Elevation less than 1 mg/dl 32 (47)
Upon admission 11 (14) Elevation (1–2 mg/dl) 16 (24)
2nd day of hospitalisation (total) 10 (13) Elevation (> = 2 mg/dl) 13 (19)
Recovering 4 (5) Estimated Anion Gap > 18 mmol/L (n = 66) 44 (67)
Worsening 6 (8) Elevated Blood Urea Nitrogen 30 (43)
Continuous over 2 days 10 (13) Malaria (RDT) 16 (21)
Coma (total) 28 (36) HIV positive (n = 45) 3 (7)
Upon admission 10 (13)   
Decreasing GCS 8 (10)   
Continuous over 2 days 10 (13)   
Hepatomegaly 57 (74)   
Tachycardia 53 (68)   
Upon admission 24 (31)   
2nd day of hospitalisation 9 (12)   
Continued after 2 days of admission 20 (26)   
Convulsions 26 (34)   
Severe Acute Malnutrition 19 (25)