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Table 2 Factors associated with acute respiratory infection among Under-five years children attending Pediatrics ward at University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital northwest Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 422)

From: Acute respiratory infection and its associated factors among children under-five years attending pediatrics ward at University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: institution-based cross-sectional study

VariablesCategoryARICOR(95% CI)p-valueAOR (95% CI)
Yes (%)No (%)
Child sexMale58(50.4)153(49.8)1  
Female57(49.6)154(50.2)0.98(0.64, 1.50)0.913
Maternal age (years)16–2727(23.5)79(25.7)1.79(0.90,3.58)0.0971.95(1.03,3.70)*
28–3336(31.3)73(25.8)2.59(1.33,5.04)0.0052.73(1.40,5.34)**
34–4236(31.3)71(23.1)2.66(1.36,5.19)0.0041.12(0.52,2.42)
> 4216(13.9)84(27.4)111
Current maternal marital statusnot married45(39.1)134(43.6)11 
Married70(60.9)173(56.4)1.20(0.78, 1.87)0.403
ResidenceUrban89(77.4)149(48.5)111
Rural26(22.6)158(51.5)3.63(2.22,5.93)0.0002.27(1.18,4.39)*
Maternal educationIlliterate17(14.8)105(34.2)0.33(0.19,0.59)0.0000.63(0.30,1.30)
Literate98(85.2)202(65.8)11 
MeningitisNo109(28.9)268(71.1)1  
Yes6(13.3)39(86.7)0.38(0.16,0.92)0.0320.22(0.08,0.55)**
Mothers have information about hand washingNo7(9.3)68(90.7)4.41(1.96, 9.92)0.0002.79(1.15,6.76)*
Yes108(31.2)238(68.8)1  
Child age (months)Below 1212(10.4)19(6.2)2.37(0.99, 5.68)0.0533.39(1.19,9.65)*
12–2319(16.5)36(11.7)1.98(0.94,4.16)0.0722.17(0.95,5.00)
24–3528(24.3)68(22.1)1.54(0.80,2.99)0.1981.82(0.86,3.82)
36–4736(31.3)109(35.5)1.24(0.67,2.30)0.4991.37(0.69,2.72)
48–5920(17.4)75(24.4)111
Maternal handwashing practiceGood86(32.8)176(67.2)1 1
Poor29(18.1)131(81.9)0.45(0.28,0.73)0.0010.57(0.31,1.05)
Maternal handwashing knowledgeGood89(31.8)191(68.2)1 1
Poor26(18.3)116(81.7)0.48(0.29,0.79)0.0040.94(0.50,1.78)
Maternal handwashing attitudeGood65(56.5)166(54.1)11 
Poor50(43.5)141(45.9)0.91(0.59, 1.39)0.653
  1. **Significant at p-value< 0.01, *Significant at p-value< 0.05, Hosmer and Lemshow =0.517 COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds Ratio, CI confidence interval