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Table 5 Proportions of variance in (i) mathematical performance of Year 1 students that could be explained by fine motor precision and fine motor integration subtests, beyond that accounted for by age; (ii) reading performance of Year 1 students that could be explained by fine motor precision and fine motor integration subtests, beyond that accounted for by age

From: Associations between motor proficiency and academic performance in mathematics and reading in year 1 school children: a cross-sectional study

 RR2F, (df), pAdj R2ΔR2ΔF, (df), pB, [95% CI], SE Bβt, p
Mathematics
Step 1.327.1076.37, (1, 53), <.015.090.1076.37, (1, 53), .015181.35, [112.49, 250.22], 34.34 5.28, <.001
Age      -12.77, [-22.92, -2.62], 5.06-.327-2.52, .015
Step 2.503.2538.82, (2, 52), .001.225.14610.18, (1, 52), .002145.97, [78.58, 213.36], 33.58 4.35, <.001
Age      -10.72, [-20.19, -1.25], 4.72-.275 -2.27, .027
Fine motor precision      1.57, [0.58, 2.56], 0.49.3863.19, .002
Step 3.589.3479.03, (3, 51), <.001.309.0947.31, (1, 51), .009124.19, [58.50, 189.88], 32.72 3.80, <.001
Age      -8.65, [-17.72, 0.43], 4.52-.222 -1.91, .061
Fine motor precision      0.39, [-0.89, 1.67], 0.64.0960.61, .544
Fine motor integration      1.50, [0.39, 2.61], 0.55.4302.70, .009
Reading
Step 1.202.0412.21, (1, 52), .143.022.0412.21, (1, 52), .143162.04, [75.40, 248.68], 43.18 3.75, <.001
Age      -9.43, [-22.16, 3.30], 6.34-.202-1.49, .143
Step 2.387.1504.50, (2, 51), .016.117.1096.56, (1, 51), .013124.47, [36.98, 211.97], 43.58 2.86, .006
Age      -6.82, [-19.10, 5.46], 6.12-.146-1.12, .270
Fine motor precision      1.45, [0.31, 2.59], 0.57.3352.56, .013
Step 3.502.2525.60, (3, 50), .002.207.1026.79, (1, 50), .012109.41, [25.65, 193.18], 41.71 2.62, .012
Age      -5.81, [-17.47, 5.86], 5.81-.124 -1.00, .322
Fine motor precision      0.10, [-1.40, 1.60], 0.75.0220.13, .898
Fine motor integration      1.68, [0.39, 2.98], 0.65.4502.61, .012
  1. Unstandardised (B) and standardised (β) regression coefficients; significant p-values (p < .05) in bold