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Table 3 Correlations between motor proficiency composites (standard scores) and mathematical and reading outcomes (standard scores) for total sample

From: Associations between motor proficiency and academic performance in mathematics and reading in year 1 school children: a cross-sectional study

 Fine manual controlManual coordinationBody coordinationStrength and agilityTotal motor composite
Mathematics composite (n = 55)rs = .572 (<.001)*r = .399 (.003)rs = .296 (.028)r = .389 (.003)r = .466 (<.001)*
Maths reasoning (n = 55)rs = .587 (<.001)*r = .382 (.004)rs = .264 (.051)r = .354 (.008)r = .448 (.001)*
Numerical operations (n = 55)rs = .472 (<.001)*r = .382 (.004)rs = .264 (.051)r = .387 (.004)r = .439 (.001)*
Reading composite (n = 54)rs = .476 (.001)*rs = .299 (.028)rs = .142 (.307)rs = .180 (.193)rs = .316 (.020)
Pseudoword decoding (n = 54)rs = .438 (.001)*rs = .296 (.030)rs = .194 (.159)rs = .195 (.158)rs = .344 (.011)
Word reading (n = 55)rs = .521 (<.001)*r = .319 (.017)rs = .154 (.263)r = .215 (.115)r = .362 (.007)
Reading comprehension (n = 54)rs = .395 (.003)r = .284 (.037)rs = .029 (.832)r = .144 (.298)r = .270 (.048)
  1. Spearman’s rho (rs) and Pearson’s (r) correlation coefficients are reported as appropriate
  2. *p ≤ .05 (significant correlations after conducting Bonferroni correction at α = 0.05 / 35 = 0.0014)