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Table 2 Mean, standard deviation (SD) and ranges for age, motor proficiency, mathematics ability and reading ability for all participants and separately for boys and girls

From: Associations between motor proficiency and academic performance in mathematics and reading in year 1 school children: a cross-sectional study

Measure

Total (n = 55)

Boys (n = 25)

Girls (n = 30)

Mean

SD

Range

Mean

SD

Range

Mean

SD

Range

Age (years)

6.77

0.40

5.42–7.75

6.81

0.31

6.25–7.42

6.74

0.46

5.42–7.75

Motor proficiency

 Fine motor precisiona

13.67

3.83

3–24

13.88

3.79

5–24

13.50

3.92

3–22

 Fine motor integrationa

15.95

4.47

3–23

16.76

3.96

5–23

15.27

4.82

3–22

Fine manual controlb

49.53

8.73

23–68

50.84

8.05

29–68

48.43

9.25

23–66

 Manual dexteritya

14.25

4.22

4–21

15.32

3.90

5–21

13.37

4.33

4–19

 Upper limb coordinationa

16.31

6.13

1–28

16.56

5.80

4–25

16.10

6.49

1–28

Manual coordinationb

50.98

10.12

24–66

52.40

9.59

30–64

49.80

10.55

24–66

 Bilateral coordinationa

17.58

4.01

5–24

18.76

3.63

8–22

16.60

4.11

5–24

 Balancea

15.89

4.02

7–25

16.28

3.78

7–23

15.57

4.25

8–25

Body coordinationb

54.49

9.11

32–70

56.64

8.49

34–70

52.70

9.36

32–68

 Running speed and agilitya

16.65

4.53

4–29

17.08

4.96

4–29

16.30

4.19

7–24

 Strengtha

13.67

4.92

4–26

13.60

4.64

5–26

13.73

5.22

4–24

Strength and agilityb

49.87

9.49

29–80

50.72

10.21

29–80

49.17

8.95

29–65

Total motor compositeb

51.56

10.65

22–79

53.40

10.54

27–79

50.03

10.67

22–70

Mathematics ability

 Maths reasoningc

93.84

16.33

51–144

97.80

17.06

51–144

90.53

15.20

63–116

 Numerical operationsc

94.67

14.96

61–140

95.56

15.93

66–140

93.93

14.33

61–131

Mathematics compositec

94.87

15.60

64–148

97.48

16.52

70–148

92.70

14.71

64–125

Reading ability

 Pseudoword decodingc (n = 54)

96.61

15.00

71–127

97.88

15.99

75–126

95.52

14.29

71–127

 Word readingc

100.27

16.84

69–132

100.28

17.69

70–131

100.27

16.40

69–132

 Reading comprehensionc (n = 54)

97.09

13.52

62–127

96.92

15.31

62–127

97.24

12.04

66–124

Reading compositec (n = 54)

97.96

16.70

66–132

98.88

18.35

67–132

97.17

15.43

66–127

  1. a Motor proficiency assessed by BOT-2: Normative sample scale score (M = 15, SD = 5, range = 1–35). Scores adjusted for chronological age (in years and months) and sex;
  2. b Motor proficiency assessed by BOT-2: Normative sample standard score (M = 50, SD = 10, range = 20–80). Scores adjusted for chronological age (in years and months) and sex;
  3. c Mathematics and reading ability assessed by WIAT-II Australian Edition: Normative sample standard score (M = 100, SD = 15, range = 40–160). Scores adjusted for chronological age (in years and months)