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Table 2 Mean, standard deviation (SD) and ranges for age, motor proficiency, mathematics ability and reading ability for all participants and separately for boys and girls

From: Associations between motor proficiency and academic performance in mathematics and reading in year 1 school children: a cross-sectional study

MeasureTotal (n = 55)Boys (n = 25)Girls (n = 30)
MeanSDRangeMeanSDRangeMeanSDRange
Age (years)6.770.405.42–7.756.810.316.25–7.426.740.465.42–7.75
Motor proficiency
 Fine motor precisiona13.673.833–2413.883.795–2413.503.923–22
 Fine motor integrationa15.954.473–2316.763.965–2315.274.823–22
Fine manual controlb49.538.7323–6850.848.0529–6848.439.2523–66
 Manual dexteritya14.254.224–2115.323.905–2113.374.334–19
 Upper limb coordinationa16.316.131–2816.565.804–2516.106.491–28
Manual coordinationb50.9810.1224–6652.409.5930–6449.8010.5524–66
 Bilateral coordinationa17.584.015–2418.763.638–2216.604.115–24
 Balancea15.894.027–2516.283.787–2315.574.258–25
Body coordinationb54.499.1132–7056.648.4934–7052.709.3632–68
 Running speed and agilitya16.654.534–2917.084.964–2916.304.197–24
 Strengtha13.674.924–2613.604.645–2613.735.224–24
Strength and agilityb49.879.4929–8050.7210.2129–8049.178.9529–65
Total motor compositeb51.5610.6522–7953.4010.5427–7950.0310.6722–70
Mathematics ability
 Maths reasoningc93.8416.3351–14497.8017.0651–14490.5315.2063–116
 Numerical operationsc94.6714.9661–14095.5615.9366–14093.9314.3361–131
Mathematics compositec94.8715.6064–14897.4816.5270–14892.7014.7164–125
Reading ability
 Pseudoword decodingc (n = 54)96.6115.0071–12797.8815.9975–12695.5214.2971–127
 Word readingc100.2716.8469–132100.2817.6970–131100.2716.4069–132
 Reading comprehensionc (n = 54)97.0913.5262–12796.9215.3162–12797.2412.0466–124
Reading compositec (n = 54)97.9616.7066–13298.8818.3567–13297.1715.4366–127
  1. a Motor proficiency assessed by BOT-2: Normative sample scale score (M = 15, SD = 5, range = 1–35). Scores adjusted for chronological age (in years and months) and sex;
  2. b Motor proficiency assessed by BOT-2: Normative sample standard score (M = 50, SD = 10, range = 20–80). Scores adjusted for chronological age (in years and months) and sex;
  3. c Mathematics and reading ability assessed by WIAT-II Australian Edition: Normative sample standard score (M = 100, SD = 15, range = 40–160). Scores adjusted for chronological age (in years and months)