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Table 4 Adjusted marginal effects [95% CI] of receiving a core EI service among sample children with complete outcomes informationA

From: Child characteristics and early intervention referral and receipt of services: a retrospective cohort study

Independent VariablesMarginal Effects of any PTMarginal Effects of any OTMarginal Effects of any STMarginal Effects of any DI
Had a Diagnosis0.225***0.214***0.0840.224**
[0.104, 0.347][0.091, 0.337][−0.030, 0.197][0.088, 0.360]
Birthweight by Category
 Less than 1.5 kgrefrefrefref
 1.5 kg to 2.5 kg0.177*−0.056−0.210− 0.010
[0.026, 0.328][−0.260, 0.148][−0.463, 0.044][− 0.331, 0.311]
 Greater than 2.5 kg0.135**− 0.014−0.102− 0.121
[0.041, 0.228][−0.194, 0.167][− 0.318, 0.115][− 0.406, 0.164]
Child’s Age
 Less than 12-Monthsrefrefrefref
 12–24 Months− 0.024−0.037− 0.080− 0.114*
[− 0.096, 0.048][− 0.111, 0.036][− 0.179, 0.018][− 0.213, − 0.016]
 Greater than 24-Months0.0130.0450.034− 0.234**
[−0.112, 0.138][− 0.103, 0.192][− 0.103, 0.170][− 0.400, − 0.068]
Family Income (annually)
 Greater than $20,000− 0.136***− 0.104*− 0.0780.057
[− 0.201, − 0.071][− 0.197, − 0.011][− 0.230, 0.075][− 0.092, 0.207]
Race/Ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanicrefrefrefref
 Black, non-Hispanic0.034−0.0030.0450.041
[−0.125, 0.193][−0.157, 0.152][− 0.142, 0.232][− 0.156, 0.239]
 Hispanic0.001−0.037− 0.004− 0.097
[− 0.097, 0.099][− 0.144, 0.071][− 0.126, 0.118][− 0.243, 0.048]
 Other, non-Hispanic0.056− 0.093− 0.036− 0.047
[− 0.141, 0.253][− 0.357, 0.172][− 0.339, 0.267][− 0.332, 0.238]
Child’s sex, Female0.028− 0.054− 0.026− 0.006
[− 0.040, 0.096][− 0.121, 0.014][− 0.112, 0.060][− 0.100, 0.087]
Primary Language, English0.0130.017− 0.0280.049
[− 0.062, 0.088][− 0.062, 0.097][− 0.121, 0.064][− 0.053, 0.151]
Insurance Type, Medicaid and CHP+− 0.0670.0070.0390.157*
[−0.186, 0.053][−0.109, 0.122][− 0.111, 0.188][0.005, 0.309]
Entry Child Outcome Summary Sub-ScalesB
 Positive Social Emotional Skills0.054***−0.002−0.017− 0.073***
[0.026, 0.082][−0.032, 0.028][−0.055, 0.020][− 0.112, − 0.034]
 Acquiring and Using Knowledge and Skills0.039**0.009−0.049*0.032
[0.010, 0.068][−0.021, 0.039][−0.086, − 0.011][−0.009, 0.072]
 Taking Appropriate Action to Meet Needs−0.095***−0.051***0.058***0.033
[−0.125, − 0.066][− 0.078, − 0.025][0.027, 0.090][−0.003, 0.068]
  1. ASample includes 448 children with complete baseline Child Outcomes Summary Data
  2. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001
  3. BEach COS sub-scale score is derived from provider clinical judgment, parent concerns, and developmental assessment results and measured on a 7-point scale, from 1 = very early skills (i.e., child does not use any immediate foundational skills related to this outcome) to 7 = all skills expected (i.e., there are no concerns about the child’s function in this area)