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Table 1 Demographic characteristic of survivors of childhood brain tumor, survivors of childhood leukemia and healthy controls

From: Behavioral outcome among survivors of childhood brain tumor: a case control study

CharacteristicChildhood brain tumor survivors
N (%)
Childhood leukemia survivors
N (%)
Healthy control
N (%)
p-value
Age at study entry, years
 6–10.915 (39.5)16 (42.1)16 (42.1)1.000
 11–18.923 (60.5)22 (57.9)22 (57.9) 
Gender
 Male24 (63.2)24 (63.2)24 (63.2)1.000
 Female14 (36.8)14 (36.8)14 (36.8) 
Ethnicity
 Malay31 (81.6)27 (71.1)19 (50)< 0.005
 Chinese6 (15.8)1 (2.6)3 (7.9) 
 Indian1 (2.6)8 (21.1)16 (42.1) 
 Others0 (0)2 (5.3)0 (0) 
Education
 Primary15 (39.5)21 (55.3)18 (47.4)< 0.005
 Secondary9 (23.7)15 (39.5)18 (47.4) 
 Tertiary0 (0)1 (2.6)2 (5.3) 
 Special education13 (34.2)0 (0)0 (0) 
 None1 (2.6)1 (2.6)0 (0) 
Parents marital status
 Married37 (97.4)33 (86.8)36 (94.7)0.181
 Single parent1 (2.6)5 (13.2)2 (5.3) 
Father’s education level
 No formal education1 (2.6)0 (0)0 (0)0.760
 Primary6 (15.8)5 (13.2)3 (8.3) 
 Secondary20 (52.6)21 (55.3)20 (55.6) 
 Tertiary11 (28.9)12 (31.6)13 (36.1) 
Father’s occupation
 Office work7 (18.4)4 (10.5)2 (5.6)0.133
 Field work8 (21.1)14 (36.8)15 (41.7) 
 Professional4 (10.5)6 (15.8)10 (27.8) 
 Others16 (42.1)13 (34.2)8 (22.2) 
 Not working3 (7.9)1 (2.6)1 (2.6) 
Mother’s education level
 No formal education1 (2.6)0 (0)0 (0)0.501
 Primary6 (15.8)3 (8.1)5 (13.2) 
 Secondary18 (47.4)21 (56.8)15 (39.5) 
 Tertiary13 (34.2)13 (35.1)18 (47.4) 
Mother’s occupation
 Office work8 (21.1)6(16.2)7 (18.4)0.023
 Field work2 (5.3)1 (2.7)2 (5.3) 
 Professional5 (13.2)9 (24.3)10 (26.3) 
 Others4 (10.5)7 (18.9)14 (36.8) 
 Housewife19 (50)14 (37.8)5 (13.2) 
Family monthly income
  < MYR 10002 (5.3)0 (0)1 (2.6) 
 MYR 1001–300014 (36.8)10 (26.3)8 (21.1)0.328
 MYR 3001–50008 (21.1)17 (44.7)13 (34.2) 
 MYR 5001–70004 (10.5)2 (5.3)2 (5.3) 
 MYR 7001–90003 (7.9)3 (7.9)2 (5.3) 
  > MYR 90007 (18.4)6 (15.8)12 (31.6) 
Number of siblings
 None5 (13.2)4 (10.5)1 (2.6)< 0.005
 10 (0)1 (2.6)13 (34.2) 
 2–522 (57.9)32 (84.2)24 (63.2) 
  > 511 (28.9)1 (2.6)0 (0) 
Siblings with chronic illness/disability
 Yes1 (2.6)0 (0)0 (0)0.330
 No37 (97.4)38 (100)38 (100) 
  1. N number, MYR Ringgit Malaysia; analyses using chi square test