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Table 3 Comparison of Mothers in the Open Ward and the Pod-SFR Units

From: A comparative study of mothers of infants hospitalized in an open ward neonatal intensive care unit and a combined pod and single-family room design

  Open Ward Pod-SFR Test of Comparison (p values)
M SD M SD
At enrolment
NICU Stress (PSS: NICU)
 Sights & sounds 2.75 0.83 2.47 0.71 .05 (.008)1
 Infant behavior & appearance 3.03 1.01 2.87 0.86 .30
 Parental role restriction 3.36 0.88 2.94 0.77 .002
Total score PSS: NICU 3.10 0.76 2.83 0.70 .03
Symptoms of depression (EPDS) 11.11 5.71 10.76 5.86 .72
Nurse-Parent Support (NPST) 4.07 0.65 4.27 0.59 .07
Family-Centered Care (FCCQ)
 Respect 3.28 0.40 3.43 0.43 .04
 Collaboration 3.00 0.51 3.12 0.43 .19
 Support 2.92 0.56 3.04 0.56 .26
Total score FCCQ 3.07 0.41 3.19 0.39 .06
Sleep disturbances (GSDS) 57.70 19.66 54.10 22.17 .33
Presence per week at enrolment (hours) 37.71 17.42 42.37 26.63 .72 (.02)1
In weeks preceding discharge
 Breastfeeding Self-efficacy (BSES) 50.04 13.70 51.47 10.83 .89
Readiness for discharge (RD)
 Parent’s status 61.46 13.56 64.27 10.78 .35
 Child’s status 39.86 9.70 42.16 5.89 .48 (.04)1
Total score RD 231.57 46.71 239.72 29.66 .57
Presence per week at discharge (hours) 43.97 18.32 83.71 48.68 <.0001
  1. Notes: Statistical tests of comparison: t-test for PSS: NICU, EPDS, NPST, and FCCQ. Wilcoxon test for PSS: NICU sights and sound, FCCQ respect, GSDS, BSES, RD. 1p value after controlling for maternal education