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Table 2 Factors associated with dental caries amongst primary school children in Harar, Eastern Ethiopia, 2018

From: Analysis of salivary level Lactobacillus spp. and associated factors as determinants of dental caries amongst primary school children in Harar town, eastern Ethiopia

VariablesNumber (%)
Bread as a major staple food
 Yes243 (59.7)
 No164 (40.3)
Pasta as major staple food
 Yes211 (51.8)
 No196 (48.2)
Consumption of sugared tea (Daily)
 Yes367 (90.2)
 No40 (9.8)
Consumption of soft drinks (Daily)
 Yes310 (76.2)
 No97 (23.8)
Consumption of sweet foods (Daily)
 Yes358 (88.0)
 No49 (12.0)
Daily cleaning teeth
 Yes257 (63.1)
 No150 (36.9)
Way of cleaning teeth
 Toothbrush with paste126 (49.0)
 Tooth stick115 (44.7)
 Toothbrush and tooth stick16 (6.2)
Rinse with water (After each meal)
 Yes354 (87.0)
 No53 (13.0)
Dental ache history
 Yes148 (36.4)
 No259 (63.6)
Treatment seeking places for dental ache
 Health institution66 (16.2)
 Pharmacy17 (4.2)
 Traditional healer11 (2.7)
 Nowhere313 (76.9)
Salivary pH
 Acidic (<  6.5)198 (48.6)
 Neutral (6.75–7.25)127 (31.2)
 Basic (> 7.25)82 (20.1)