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Table 2 Multivariate logistic regression results of factors associated with care-seeking and timely care-seeking from a biomedical health provider

From: Determinants of healthcare seeking for childhood illnesses among caregivers of under-five children in urban slums in Malawi: a population-based cross-sectional study

Respondent characteristicsCare seekingTimely care seeking
 n = 281 (%)Adjusted OR (95% CI)n = 149 (%)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Slum name
 Senti68 (71.6%)1.040 (58.8%)1.0
 Mgona97 (60.6%)0.64 (0.36–1.14)61 (62.9%)0.92 (0.45–1.85)
 Ntandire116 (56.3%)0.56 (0.32–0.98)*48 (41.4%)0.59 (0.29–1.19)
Caregiver’s education
 No education/adult literacy57(54.8%)1.030 (52.6%)1.0
 Primary141 (64.4%)1.82 (0.84–3.91)75 (53.2%)1.21 (0.41–3.54)
 Secondary +83 (60.1%)1.55 (0.67–3.61)44 (53%)1.17 (0.38–3.59)
Age of caregiver
 16–25129 64.5%)1.069 (53.5%NA
 26–3086 (65.2%)1.20 (0.71–2.02)44 (51.2%) 
  ≥ 3166 (51.2%)0.85 (0.44–1.64)36 (54.5%) 
Age of children (in months)
 1–1164 (71.9%)1.035 (54.7%)1.O
 12–2373 (62.4%)0.60 (0.32–1.14)42 (57.5%)0.96 (0.46–2.00)
 24–3682 (59.9%)0.68 (0.37–1.27)39 (47.6%)0.69 (0.34–1.41)
 37–5362 (52.5%)0.54 (0.30–0.99)*33 (53.2%)1.02 (0.48–2.15)
Knowledge of danger signs
 No/little knowledge202 (58.6%)1.0112 (55.4%)1.0
 Knowledgeable79 (68.1%)1.52 (0.94–2.47)37 (46.8%)0.57 (0.33–0.99)*
Home management of illness undertaken
 No145 (68.4%)1.092 (63.4%)1.0
 Yes136 (54.6%)0.54 (0.36–0.81)**57 (41.9%)0.44 (0.27–0.74)**
Distance (walking minutes)
  ≤ 30 Minutes102 (60.4%) 61 (59.8%)1.0
 31–60 Minutes106 (61.6%)NA63 (59.4%)1.12 (0.62–2.04)
  > 60 Minutes73 (60.8%) 25 (34.2%)0.53 (0.25–1.15)
Perceived illness severity
 Minor
  Moderate45 (51.7%)1.026 (57.8%)NA
  Severe126 (56.8%) 110 (72.4%)1.17 (0.69–2.00) 2.40 (1.34–4.30)**68 (54%) 55 (50.%) 
Fever
 No54 (50.9%)1.026 (48.1%)NA
 Yes227 (63.9%)1.77 (1.10–2.86)*123 (54.2%) 
Diarrhoea
 No153 (57.3%)1.076 (49.7%)NA
 Yes128 (66%)1.28 (0.84–1.97)73 (57%) 
ARI Symptoms
 No128 (54.7%)1.066 (51.6%)NA
 Yes83 (62.9%)1.40 (0.90–2.17)39 (47%) 
  1. Note: * = p < 0.05, ** = p < 0.01, *** = p < 0.001;
  2. 1.0 represents a reference category
  3. NA entails not applicable and that it was not included in the multivariate logistic regression model