Skip to main content

Table 4 Physical and sedentary activity levels of cases and controls N = 324

From: Micronutrient status and associated factors of adiposity in primary school children with normal and high body fat in Colombo municipal area, Sri Lanka

Characteristics Gender Cases
Males-N = 81%BF- > 28.6
Females-N = 79%BF > 33.7
Control
Males-N = 80%BF- ≤ 28.6
Females-N = 84%BF- ≤ 33.7
p value
MVPA
 Total minutes spent/day Male 37.14 (8.6,80.4) 95.86 (59.9,152.7) < 0.001a
 Median (IQR) Female 50.0 (15.0,94.3) 72.86 (36.1,125.0) 0.005a
Time spent N(%)
  (≥1 h/day) Male 23 (28.4) 61 (76.3) < 0.001b
  (< 1 h/day)   58 (71.6) 19 (23.7)  
  (≥1 h/day) Female 35 (44.3) 48 (57.1) 0.101b
  (< 1 h/day)   44 (55.7) 36 (42.9)  
Sedentary activities
 Screen activities
  Total hours spent/week Male 9 (4.0, 15.5) 7 (4,12) 0.074a
  Median-IQR Female 15 (5,18) 7 (4.2,12) < 0.001a
Time spent N (%)
  ≤ 14 h/week Male 50 (61.7) 71 (88.8) < 0.001a
  > 14 h/week   31 (38.3) 9 (11.2)  
  ≤ 14 h/week Female 31 (39.2) 72 (85.7) < 0.001a
 > 14 h/week   48 (60.8) 12 (14.3)  
 Non- screen activities Male 18.0 (13.3,26.6) 16.21 (11.3,20.6) 0.017a
Total hours spent/week
(Median-IQR)
Female 17.92 (14,26.8) 15.21 (10.8,22.1) 0.017a
  1. MVPA Moderate to vigorous physical activities, *Differences between male cases and controls, **Differences between female cases and controls, aMann-Whitney U test compared median (inter quartile range). bPearson chi-square, statistically significant at p < 0.05
  2. Non screen activities included drawing, doing homework, listening to music, play cards, reading, siting and talking, travelling in vehicle
  3. Categories of MVPA and screen activities were based on the physical activity and sedentary behaviour guidelines for Sri Lanka- 2018 Institute of Sports & Exercise Medicine, Ministry of Sports, Sri Lanka