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Table 2 Micronutrient and inflammatory status of cases and controls N = 324

From: Micronutrient status and associated factors of adiposity in primary school children with normal and high body fat in Colombo municipal area, Sri Lanka

Characteristics Gender Cases
Male-N = 81% BF > 28.6
Female-N = 79%BF > 33.7
Controls
Male-N = 80% BF ≤28.6
Female-N = 84%BF ≤ 33.7
p value
Vitamin D (ng/mL) Male 16.19 ± 5.06 17.72 ± 4.47 0.045a*
Female 14.21 ± 4.13 17.09 ± 4.93 < 0.001a**
Vitamin A (μg/dL) Male 61.94 ± 16.28 60.72 ± 17.62 0.647a*
Female 63.13 ± 20.29 60.92 ± 17.41 0.461a**
Vitamin E (μg/mL) Male 4.01 (2.9,5.2) 3.64 (2.9,5.1) 0.629b*
Female 3.96 (2.9,5.4) 3.44 (2.2,4.7) 0.057b**
Ferritin (ng/mL) Male 36.19 (23.6,46.7) 19.3 (8.4,29.5) < 0.001b*
Female 31.76 (21.6,40.5) 26.73 (16.7,39.5) 0.211b**
Total folate (serum) Male 4.58 ± 1.43 5.36 ± 1.46 0.007a*
(ng/mL) Female 4.72 ± 1.56 5.34 ± 1.44 0.055a**
Folate (RBC) Male 239.01 (173.2,274.1) 189.29 (163.1, 236.9) 0.002b*
(ng/mL) Female 234.39 (171.2,268.6) 208.91 (169.4,259.9) 0.303b**
Calcium (mg/dL) Male 11.71 (10,12.8) 10.58 (8.7,11.8) < 0.001b*
Female 11.92 (8.6,12.7) 11.23 (7.4,12.2) 0.004b**
Magnesium (mg/dL) Male 1.70 (1.6,1.9) 1.82 (1.7,1.9) 0.004b*
Female 1.68 (1.5,1.8) 1.82 (1.7, 2.0) < 0.001b**
Copper (μg/dL) Male 142.77 (123.3, 159.7) 111.56 (90.5,135.9) < 0.001b*
Female 137.71 (102.5, 158.4) 112.87 (82.8,133.3) < 0.001b**
Zinc (μg/dL) Male 68.78 (57.7,83.3) 64.20 (51.4, 73.8) 0.025b*
Female 63.02 (54.4,72.2) 65.71 (45.3,76.2) 0.797b**
Selenium (μg/dL) Male 9.51 (8.4,10.2) 8.70 (7.2,10.5) 0.260b*
Female 8.86 (6.9,10.2) 8.92 (7.0, 10.2) 0.784b**
Iron (μg/dL) Male 61.93 (55.2,79.5) 90.84 (71.8,105.5) < 0.001b*
Female 70.24 (54.3,86.4) 94.88 (79.9,104.8) < 0.001b**
Chromium (μg/dL) Male 0.67 (0.32, 0.85) 0.21 (0.05,0.72) < 0.001b*
Female 0.54 (0.14, 0.71) 0.33 (0.11,0.74) 0.249b**
Manganese (μg/dL) Male 0.28 (0.13, 0.61) 0.21 (0.09, 0.45) 0.187b*
Female 0.20 (0.11, 0.37) 0.27 (0.09,0.67) 0.143b**
Cobalt (μg/dL) Male 0.018 (0.004, 0.05) 0.02 (0.01,0.04) 0.551b*
Female 0.013 (0.004, 0.03) 0.02 (0.01,0.04) 0.121b**
hs-CRP (mg/L) Male 1.38 (0.4,3.4) 0.16 (0.08,0.5) < 0.001b*
Female 1.29 (0.6,2.6) 0.18 (0.05,1.03) < 0.001b**
Leptin (ng/mL) Male 9.84 (5.5,14.8) 2.19 (0.9,5.3) < 0.001b*
Female 15.09 (9.7,21.1) 3.71 (2.1,6.6) < 0.001b**
  1. RBC Red blood cell, hs-CRP High Sensitivity C-reactive protein, BF Body fat. The children with hs-CRP level > 10 mg/L excluded in ferritin and hs-CRP analysis, *Differences between male cases and controls, **Differences between female cases and controls, aIndependent sample t-test compared mean ± SD bMann-Whitney U test compared median (inter quartile range), statistically significant at p < 0.05