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Table 4 Comparison of normal and abnormal histological findings by indication

From: Diagnostic yield and appropriate indication of upper endoscopy in Jordanian children

Indication (n) Normal histopathological findings Abnormal histopathological findings p-value
Abdominal pain/ dyspepsia (347) 108 (31.1%) 239 (68.9%) 0.0001
Vomiting (118) 36 (30.5%) 82 (69.5%) 0.001
Failure to thrive/weight loss (75) 35 (46.7%) 40 (53.3%) 0.569
Chronic diarrhea (60) 36 (60%) 24 (40%) 0.119
R/O celiac disease (51) 24 (47%) 27 (53%) 0.669
Anemia (49) 19 (38.8%) 30 (61.2%) 0.114
Abdominal distention (37) 19 (51.4%) 18 (48.6%) 0.856
Dysphagia/odynophagia (31) 10(32.2%) 21(67.8%) 0.044
Chemical ingestion (1) 1(100%) 0 ---
Chronic constipation (8) 4(50%) 4(50%) 1.00
Heartburn (11) 2(18.2%) 9(81.8) 0.020
Allergies (6) 4(66.7%) 2(33.3% 0.416
Poor appetite (4) 3(75%) 1(25%) 0.332