Skip to main content

Table 5 Multivariable mixed effect logistic regression for the risk factors of concurrent stunting and anemia, Ethiopia

From: Multiple anthropometric and nutritional deficiencies in young children in Ethiopia: a multi-level analysis based on a nationally representative data

Random effect % and anemic n(%)* AOR (95% CI) P-value
Cluster/ Enumeration areas NA 0.261 (0.182-0.373) <0.001
Fixed effect parameters
Sex of the child    
 Male 944 (22.8)   
 Female 1180 (26.6) 0.826 (0.736-0.927) <0.001
Child’s age (months)
 0-23 129 (12.5)   
 24-35 1085 (29.0) 6.548 (5.259-8.152) <0.001
 36-59 911 (24.0) 4.288 (3.432-5.358) <0.001
Age of mother
 15-24 497 (28.2)   
 24-35 1138 (24.5) 0.951 (0.818-1.105) 0.513
 35+ 911 (24.0) 0.854 (0.713-1.023) 0.086
Education of mother
No education 1553 (27.2)   
Primary level 499 (21.8) 0.880 (0.757-1.023) 0.098
Secondary and above 73 (13.0) 0.640 (0.479-0.856) 0.003
Education of father
No education 1182 (27.1)   
Primary level 797 (24.1) 0.884 (0.769-1.014) 0.079
Secondary and above 145 (15.7) 0.805 (0.649-0.999) 0.049
Religion
 Orthodox 617 (20.9)   
 Others 1507 (26.8) 1.374 (1.172-1.610) <0.001
Wealth index
Poorer/poorest 1202 (30.1)   
Middle 423 (23.1) 0.732 (0..614-0.872) <0.001
Richer/richest 500 (18.2) 0.636 (0.536-0.754) <0.001
Breast feeding
Yes 2043 (24.8)   
Never 81 (25.3) 0.935 (0..694-1.258) 0.656
Diet Diversity Score/ DDS 1 (0)** 0.971 (0.919-1.027) 0.304
Sanitation score 2 (1)** 1.118 (1.009-1.240) 0.033
Health service utilization score 1 (2)** 1.005(.956-1.057) 0.833
Mean maternal education at cluster level 4.3 (2.6)** 0.937 (0.898-0.979) 0.004
Constant - 0.081 (0.052-0.126) <0.001
Variance of the random-effect only model - 0.376 (0.285-0.495) <0.001
  1. *All analysis were weighted ** Median and Interquartile range