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Table 4 Multivariable mixed-effects Poisson regression for the predictors of multiple nutritional problem, Ethiopia

From: Multiple anthropometric and nutritional deficiencies in young children in Ethiopia: a multi-level analysis based on a nationally representative data

Characteristics RR (95 % CI) p-values
Random-effects Parameters
 Cluster/ EAs 0.249 (0.213-0.292) <0.001
Fixed effect
Sex of the child
 Male   
 Female 0.906 (0.869-0.944) 0.007
Child’s age   
 0-23 months   
 24-35 2.031 (1.911-2.160) <0.001
 36-59 1.556 (1.461-1.657) <0.001
Child’s birth order
 First   
 Second and above 0.755 (0.706-0.807) <0.001
Age of mother   
 15-24   
 25-34 1.009(.948-1.074) 0.777
 35+ 1.389 (1.274-1.513) <0.001
Education of mother
 No education   
 Primary level 0.896 (0.847-0.949) <0.001
 Secondary and above 0.721 (0.649-0.801) <0.001
Education of father
 No education   
 Primary level 0.938 (0.891-0.988) 0.016
 Secondary and above 0.998 (0.924-1.079) 0.970
Religion
 Orthodox Christians   
 Others 0.938 (0.866-1.015) 0.113
Parity
 0-3   
 4-6 0.741 (0.698-0.786) <0.001
 6+ 0.613 (0.566-0.664) <0.001
Breast feeding
 Never
 Breast feed 0.894 (0.801-0.998) 0.046
Diet diversity score 0.972 (0.953-0.992) 0.007
Child health service score 1.099 (1.079-1.121) <0.001
Sanitation score 1.080 (1.036-1.126) <0.001
Mean maternal education at cluster level 0.978 (0.953-1.004) 0.103
Constant 0.128 (0.105-0.156) <0.001
Variance for only random effect model: .0327 (0.283-0.377) <0.001
Number of groups/clusters: 589
Deviance/DF= 1.53
  
  1. Note: the covariate has a multiplicative effect of exp(b), which is denoted as RR, on the expected mean of number of nutritional deficiencies