Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographics and infant characteristics with Care Transitions Measure score (n = 169)

From: The association of care transitions measure-15 score and outcomes after discharge from the NICU

   Care Transitions Measure Score  
  Total (N) (%) Mean (SD) P value
Socio-demographics
Person completing survey
 Mother 156 (93.4) 79.3 (20.7) 0.09
 Father 11 (6.6) 68.0 (29.6)  
Race/ethnicity
 White non-Hispanic 10 (6.5) 78.3 (20.4) 0.002
 Hispanic 111 (72.5) 83.7 (17.5)  
 Black non-Hispanic 16 (10.5) 66.0 (26.2)  
 Other 16 (10.5) 72.9 (17.0)  
Income ($/Year)
 Less than $20,000 91 (58.0) 82.1 (19.2) 0.18
 $20,001–$40,000 35 (22.3) 79.7 (23.2)  
 $40,001–$60,000 14 (8.9) 70.0 (26.1)  
 $60,001–$80,000 9 (5.7) 70.4 (23.5)  
 More than $80,000 8 (5.1) 75.0 (9.8)  
Highest level of education (either parent)
 ≤ High school 50 (36.2) 80.8 (19.1) 0.27
 At least some college 88 (63.8) 76.7 (22.7)  
Language
 Non-English 104 (67.1) 80.8 (20.4) 0.39
 English 51 (32.9) 77.7 (21.5)  
Infant characteristics
Birthweight (grams)
 < 500 to < 1000 62 (53.0) 84.4 (18.3) 0.08
 ≥ 1000 to < 1500 32 (27.3) 84.4 (13.7)  
 ≥ 1500 to < 2500 16 (13.7) 94.5 (6.6)  
 ≥ 2500 7 (6.0) 79.3 (9.2)  
Gestational age (weeks)
 < 24 to < 28 56 (44.8) 83.3 (19.0) 0.08
 ≥ 28 to < 32 48 (38.4) 89.8 (10.8)  
 ≥ 32 to < 34 13 (10.4) 80.7 (14.1)  
 ≥ 34 to <37 8 (6.4) 80.3 (14.9)  
Neonatal co-morbiditiesa
 Yes 103 (61.0) 85.8 (16.4) < 0.01
 No 66 (39.0) 67.4 (23.5)  
Use of medical equipmentb
 Yes 49 (29.0) 76.7 (22.7) 0.45
 No 120 (71.0) 79.4 (20.9)  
≥ 2 clinic appointments/month
 Yes 124 (74.3) 77.2 (22.0) 0.05
 No 43 (25.7) 84.3 (17.0)  
Post discharge diagnosesc
 Yes 108 (86.4) 84.6 (16.2) 0.18
 No 17 (13.6) 90.1 (12.1)  
Enrolled in Early Intervention
 Yes 105 (62.9) 82.1 (18.9) 0.01
 No 62 (37.1) 73.9 (23.4)  
Enrolled in food assistance programsd
 Yes 111 (70.3) 83.6 (17.0) < 0.01
 No 47 (29.7) 69.0 (25.5)  
Receiving Supplemental Security Income or Transitional Aid for Needy Families
 Yes 57 (33.7) 83.6 (18.7) 0.03
 No 112 (66.3) 76.1 (22.3)  
  1. Characteristics of neonates by survival are shown as mean (standard deviation). P-values derived using t-test (for 2 group comparison) and ANOVA test (for multi-group comparison)
  2. aNeonatal co-morbidities include at least one diagnosis of: fetal growth restriction, surfactant deficiency, necrotizing enterocolitis, intraventricular hemorrhage grade 3 or 4, patent ductus arteriosus, retinopathy of prematurity
  3. bUse of medical equipment includes: oxygen, tracheostomy, wheelchair, adaptive stroller, feeding tube
  4. cPost discharge diagnoses include at least one diagnosis of: autism, global developmental delay, cerebral palsy
  5. dFood Assistance Programs: Enrollment in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) or Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)