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Table 3 Linear regression of correlates of thymus area at admission among 388 children with SAM

From: Thymus size and its correlates among children admitted with severe acute malnutrition: a cross-sectional study in Uganda

   Univariate regression Age and sex adjusted regression
  N a β (95% CI) b p β (95% CI) b p
Male sex 388 0.01 (-0.07; 0.10) 0.79 0.01 (-0.07; 0.10) 0.78
Age, months 388 0.001(-0.004; 0.01) 0.76 0.001 (-0.004; 0.01) 0.75
Anthropometry at admission
 Weight, kg 382 0.03 (0.01; 0.06) 0.01 0.06 (0.02; 0.09) 0.001
 Length, cm 379 0.01 (1.03; 0.01) 0.05 0.02 (0.004; 0.03) 0.01
 MUAC, cm 382 0.03 (0.001; 0.06) 0.046 0.03 (0.0003; 0.06) 0.048
 Weight-for-length, z-score 380 0.03 (0.01; 0.06) 0.02 0.03 (0.04; 0.06) 0.02
 Length-for-age, z-score 380 0.04 (0.01; 0.07) 0.02 0.05 (0.02; 0.08) 0.003
Clinical history
 Severity of sickness VASc 387 -0.01 (-0.03; 0.01) 0.49 − 0.01 (-0.03; 0.01) 0.47
 Sick for > 2 weeks 377 -0.10 (-0.19; -0.01) 0.03 -0.10 (-0.19; -0.01) 0.03
 Cough 387 0.02 (-0.06; 0.11) 0.60 0.02 (-0.06; 0.11) 0.60
 Fever 387 -0.003 (-0.09; 0.08) 0.95 -0.003 (-0.09; 0.08) 0.95
Examination
 Oedema 388 -0.06 (-0.15; 0.03) 0.19 -0.06 (-0.15; 0.03) 0.16
 Skin hypopigmentation 388 -0.04 (-0.13; 0.04) 0.34 -0.04( -0.13; 0.04) 0.33
 Dermatosis 388 -0.15 (-0.31; 0.01) 0.07 -0.15 (-0.31; 0.01) 0.07
 Hair depigmentation 383 -0.10 (-0.19; 0.001) 0.05 -0.10 (-0.20; 0.0002) 0.05
 Oral thrush g 387 0.01 (-0.09; 0.11) 0.80 0.01 (-0.09; 0.11) 0.80
Diagnosis
 Diarrhoea 387 -0.03 (-0.12; 0.05) 0.48 -0.03 (-0.12; 0.06) 0.50
 Pneumonia 388 0.04 (-0.07; 0.22) 0.49 0.04 (-0.07; 0.15) 0.49
 Suspected tuberculosis 388 0.12 (0.01; 0.2) 0.03 0.12 (0 0.01; 0.22) 0.03
 Suspected septicaemia 386 0.08 (-0.02; 0.18) 0.12 0.08 (-0.02; 0.18) 0.12
Child HIV status 367     
 Negative   - - - -
 Positive   -0.08 (-0.22; 0.05) 0.21 -0.08 (-0.22; 0.05) 0.22
 Exposed, negative   -0.01 ( -0.12; 0.10) 0.80 -0.01 ( -0.12; 0.10) 0.80
C-reactive protein, mg/L 343     
 < 5   - - - -
 5–15   -0.01 (-0.14, 0.11) 0.85 -0.01 (-0.14, 0.11) 0.85
 > 15   -0.03 (-0.14, 0.08) 0.60 -0.03 ( -0.14, 0.08) 0.59
Leukocytes, X109/L,
 Neutrophils > 9 293 0.13 (-0.02; 0.28) 0.08 0.13 (-0.02; 0.28) 0.08
 Lymphocytes > 10 293 0 0.12 (-0.05; 0.30) 0.17 0.13 (-0.05; 0.30) 0.16
Haemoglobin, g/dl 292 -0.001 (-0.03; 0.02) 0.96 -0.001 (-0.03; 0.02) 0.97
Breastfed 384     
 Previously   - - - -
 Currently   0.13 ( 0.01, 0.25) 0.04 0.14 ( 0.01, 0.26) 0.03
 Never   -0.09 ( -0.37; 0.18) 0.50 -0.09 ( -0.37; 0.18) 0.50
Mother
 Lives with child 388 0.09 (-0.02; 0.19) 0.11 0.09 (-0.02; 0.19) 0.10
 Education: 384     
  Post primary   - - - -
  ≤primary   0.06 (-0.03; 0.14) 0.19 0.05 (-0.03; 0.14) 0.20
  1. N a: number of observations included in analysis. β = beta coefficient b (95% confidence interval) and P = p-values. c Evaluated by the child’s caregiver on a visual analogue scale from 0 to 10