Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participates

From: Intrauterine cytomegalovirus infection: a possible risk for cerebral palsy and related to its clinical features, neuroimaging findings: a retrospective study

Variables CP group
(n = 147)
Control group (n = 148) t2 value P value
Average age (months) 14.76 ± 3.07 15.10 ± 3.21 0.93 0.35a
Sex (M/F) 103/44 102/46 0.07 0.79b
Average GDS score 73.29 ± 12.73 - - -
Average GMFM score 62.01 ± 16.99 - - -
Classification of CP     
Spastic quadriplegia 14(9.6%) - - -
Spastic diplegia 64(43.5%) - - -
Spastic hemiplegia 38(25.9%) - - -
Mixed type 20(13.6%) - - -
Dyskinetic cerebral palsy 11(7.5%) - - -
Ataxia type 2(1.4%) - - -
MRI findings     
White matter damage 34(22.45%) - - -
Brain dysplasia 24(15.65%) - - -
Hydrocephalus 6(4.08%) - - -
Encephalomalacia 9(7.48%) - - -
Callosal dysplasia 23(15.6%) - - -
Myelin hypoplasia 15(10.20%) - - -
Normal structure 24(24.49%) - - -
  1. CP cerebral palsy, GMFM gross motor function measure scale, GDS Gesell developmental scale, MRI magnetic resonance imaging. aP value was based on the independent sample t test. bP value was based on the Pearson chi-square test. P value was significant at < 0.05