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Table 2 Baseline characteristics

From: Hypoxic/ischemic hits predispose to necrotizing enterocolitis in (near) term infants with congenital heart disease: a case control study

  NEC (n = 16) Control (n = 16) P
Sex (male) (%) 9 (56) 9 (56) 1.00
Gestational age (weeks) 38.6 ± 1.9 39.1 ± 1.7 0.37
Head circumference (cm)a 33.5 (33.0–36.0) 34.6 (32.0–37.0) 0.25
Birth weight (grams) 2937 ± 701 3323 ± 546 0.14
Small for gestational age status (%) 5 (31) 1 (6) 0.07
Percentiles of birth weight 27 (1–58) 41 (20–77) 0.22
Inborn (%) 10 (63) 9 (56) 0.72
Caesarian section (%) 6 (38) 2 (13) 0.22
Mother’s milk (%)b 0 (0–0) 7 (0–39) 0.18
Amount of feeding (ml/kg)b 15 (8–20) 23 (11–37) 0.33
Antenatal diagnosis of CHD (%) 8 (50) 9 (56) 0.72
Age at admission to NICU (days) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0.77
  1. Data are shown as either n (%) for categorical variables and mean ± standard deviation or median (IQR) for continuous variables. a: in both groups 14 infants were used for analysis. b: in both groups 10 infants were used for analysis. CHD congenital heart disease