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Table 2 Infant and maternal characteristics

From: Effectiveness of Alberta Family Integrated Care on infant length of stay in level II neonatal intensive care units: a cluster randomized controlled trial

Characteristic No. Alberta FICare™ No. Standard care
Infant characteristics   (n = 353)   (n = 365)
Singleton 353 263 (74.5) 365 247 (67.7)
Gestational age, wk 353   365  
 32   74 (21.0)   63 (17.3)
 33   101 (28.6)   97 (26.6)
 34   178 (50.4)   205 (56.2)
Sex 353   365  
 Male   190 (53.8)   195 (53.4)
 Female   163 (46.2)   170 (46.6)
Birthweight, g, mean (SD) 353 2163 (395) 365 2120 (411)
Caesarean delivery 353 173 (49.0) 365 181 (49.6)
Apgar score < 7 at 1 min 351 78 (22.2) 364 110 (30.2)
Apgar score < 7 at 5 min 351 31 (8.8) 364 25 (6.9)
Infant of a mother with diabetes 341 57 (16.7) 359 61 (17.0)
Respiratory diagnosesa 353 217 (61.5) 356 225 (63.2)
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia 353 294 (83.3) 364 270 (74.2)
Hypoglycemia 351 110 (31.3) 346 102 (29.5)
TPN required 352 154 (43.8) 358 179 (50.0)
IV fluids required 351 192 (54.7) 356 170 (47.8)
Maternal characteristics   (n = 308)   (n = 306)
Age, y, mean (SD) 303 30.7 (5.7) 295 31.3 (5.3)
Marital status 303   301  
 Married or cohabiting   285 (94.1)   276 (91.7)
 Single   15 (5.0)   21 (7.0)
 Prefer not to answer/don’t know   3 (1.0)   4 (1.3)
Education 302   300  
 High school diploma or less   72 (23.8)   58 (19.3)
 Postsecondary certificate/diploma   75 (24.8)   77 (25.7)
 College/university degree   155 (51.3)   165 (55.0)
Employment 302   300  
 Employed/maternity leave   221 (73.2)   220 (73.3)
 Homemaker/not in the labor force   50 (16.6)   48 (16.0)
 Unemployed   7 (2.3)   7 (2.3)
 Other   20 (6.6)   20 (6.7)
 Prefer not to answer/don’t know   4 (1.3)   5 (1.7)
Annual family income 302   300  
  < $40,000   18 (6.0)   27 (9.0)
 $40,000 to $79,999   55 (18.2)   68 (22.7)
  ≥ $80,000   178 (58.9)   157 (52.3)
 Prefer not to answer/don’t know   51 (16.9)   48 (16.0)
Race/ethnicity 299   297  
 Caucasian   222 (74.2)   184 (62.0)
 Indigenous   22 (7.4)   22 (7.4)
 Asian (East, South, or Southeast)   35 (11.7)   50 (16.8)
 Black   7 (2.3)   17 (5.7)
 Otherb   13 (4.3)   24 (8.1)
Born in Canada 301 243 (80.7) 299 215 (71.9)
  1. Data are presented as n (%) unless otherwise indicated. No. varies due to missing data
  2. Abbreviations: FICare Family Integrated Care, TPN total parenteral nutrition, IV intravenous
  3. a Includes apnea, transient tachypnea of the newborn, and respiratory distress syndrome
  4. b Includes Latin American, Middle Eastern, and Mixed