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Table 4 Types of oil used for infant body massage

From: Prevalence and perceptions of infant massage in India: study from Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh states

Oil used for massage Maharashtra Madhya Pradesh Total
Proprietary Ayurvedica oil (sesame oil base) 36.2 18.3 30.8
 Coconut oil 17.6 2.9 13.2
Proprietary baby oilb (mineral oil base) 15.5 8.4 13.4
 Mustard oil 5.9 19.5 10.0
 Olive oil 0.4 29.4 9.0
 Cooking oilc 7.9 0 5.5
 Proprietary oil- (olive oil base) 8.5 5.5 7.6
 Other oil 4.9 13.2 7.3
  1. aAyurvedic- Based on Traditional Indian medicine system, mostly sesame oil treated with herbs mentioned in the Ayurvedic texts
  2. bPetroleum-based mineral oil with fragrance marketed as baby oil
  3. cEdible plant seed oil sunflower, safflower and/or soybean oil, rarely groundnut oil