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Table 5 Factors affecting level of perceived care burden (n = 74)

From: Looking into the life of technology-dependent children and their caregivers in Korea: lifting the burden of too many responsibilities

Variables Physical burden Psychosocial burden Financial burden
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Child’s age (years)
  < 1 Reference   Reference   Reference  
 1–5 1.031 (0.101–10.53) 0.979 1.818 (0.267–12.376) 0.541 0.238 (0.024–2.317) 0.216
 6–11 1.167 (0.094–14.518) 0.905 0.952 (0.125–7.275) 0.962 0.458 (0.041–5.085) 0.525
 12–18 2.5 (0.124–50.444) 0.550 1.778 (0.192–16.492) 0.613 0.667 (0.051–8.639) 0.756
Child’s sex
 Male Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Female 0.569 (0.162–1.995) 0.378 0.641 (0.221–1.86) 0.414 0.722 (0.261–1.998) 0.53
Area of residence
 Seoul (capital city) Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Incheon, Gyeonggi 1.042 (0.207–5.237) 0.960 1.969 (0.6–6.455) 0.264 1.8 (0.577–5.619) 0.312
 Others 0.5 (0.108–2.314) 0.375 2.25 (0.635–7.973) 0.209 1.833 (0.558–6.027) 0.318
Insurance type
 National Health Insurance Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Medical aid 2.077 (0.240–17.995) 0.507 1.953 (0.381–10.02) 0.422 3.314 (0.652–16.844) 0.149
Financial status
 High Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Medium 0.816 (0.136–4.898) 0.824 1.9 (0.402–8.976) 0.418 3.25 (0.569–18.579) 0.185
 Low 2.429 (0.370–15.951) 0.356 1.964 (0.443–8.713) 0.375 9.8 (1.738–55.246) 0.010 c
Level of education, caregiver
 High school level or lower Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Bachelor’s degree or higher 0.844 (0.206–3.458) 0.813 1.032 (0.335–3.174) 0.957 0.277 (0.081–0.940) 0.039
Family types
 Two-parents Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Single-parent 0.982 (0.104–9.246) 0.987 0.851 (0.144–5.028) 0.859 3.816 (0.422–34.463) 0.233
Primary diagnosis
 Cardiovascular Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Airway/respiratory disease 2.00 (0.153–26.187) 0.597 0.833 (0.072–9.688) 0.884 1.1 (0.13–9.339) 0.930
 Neuromuscular disease 4.667 (0.223–97.497) 0.321 2.167 (0.144–32.528) 0.576 4.0 (0.388–41.228) 0.244
 Neurologic disease 1.25 (0.101–15.499) 0.862 0.370 (0.032–4.231) 0.424 1.111 (0.129–9.605) 0.924
 Others 0.917 (0.173–11.577) 0.946 0.667 (0.054–8.161) 0.751 1.143 (0.126–10.386) 0.906
Physical capacity
 Gooda Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Poor 3.02 (0.886–10.286) 0.077 1.543 (0.55–4.328) 0.410 1.632 (0.610–4.360) 0.329
Level of technology-dependency
 Low dependency Reference   Reference   Reference  
 High dependencyb 1.288 (0.316–5.256) 0.724 0.577 (0.197–1.69) 0.316 0.481 (0.17–1.361) 0.168
Duration of technology-dependency
 Less than 1 year Reference   Reference   Reference  
 1–3 years 1.406 (0.321–6.160) 0.651 1.641 (0.453–5.943) 0.451 1.32 (0.398–4.378) 0.65
 3 years or more 2.109 (0.493–9.019) 0.314 1.504 (0.465–4.864) 0.495 2.31 (0.739–7.226) 0.15
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aGood physical capacity includes patients who are able to walk, stand briefly or sit independently
  3. b High technology-dependency indicates patients with both enteral nutrition support (ex. nasogastric tube, gastrostomy tube, etc.) and respiratory support (tracheostomy and/or home mechanical ventilator)
  4. cThe only statistically significant variable in multivariate logistic regression analysis. (OR 7.414, CI 1.275–43.116, p = 0.026)