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Table 1 General and clinical characteristics of technological-dependent children and their caregivers (n = 74)

From: Looking into the life of technology-dependent children and their caregivers in Korea: lifting the burden of too many responsibilities

Variables Categories No (%)
Child’s age (in years) < 1 5 6.8
1–5 41 55.4
6–11 17 23.0
12–18 11 14.9
Child’s sex Male 53 71.6
Female 21 28.4
Area of residence Seoul 21 28.4
Incheon, Gyeonggi 29 39.2
Others 24 32.4
Child’s insurance type National health insurance 64 86.5
Medical aid program 10 13.5
Family’s financial status High 9 12.2
Middle 27 36.5
Low 38 51.4
Primary caregiver Mother 66 89.2
Father 2 2.7
Grandparent 2 2.7
Othersa 4 5.4
Caregivers’ educational level High school level or lower 19 25.7
Bachelor’s degree or higher 55 74.3
Family typesb Two-parents 67 90.5
Single-parent 6 8.1
Primary diagnosis Cardiovascular 4 5.4
Airway/respiratory disease 21 28.4
Neuromuscular disease 15 20.3
Neurologic disease 19 25.7
Others 15 20.3
Physical capacityc Able to walk 16 21.6
Able to stand briefly 23 31.1
Able to sit independently 24 32.4
Able to sit with help 30 40.5
Able to roll over 36 48.6
Able to lift head 42 56.8
None (N/A) 32 43.2
Duration of technology-dependency < 1 year 21 28.4
1–3 years 22 29.7
≥ 3 years 31 41.9
  1. a “Others” included an activity assistant service for persons with disabilities, a neighbor, a day care center for persons with disabilities, and a teacher at a special school
  2. b One caregiver did not respond
  3. c Five children were under 1 years old and could neither walk nor stand independently