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Table 5 Correlations among CREDI, Bayley-III, and the ASQ-3 by Age Group

From: Reliability and validity of the Caregiver Reported Early Development Instruments (CREDI) in impoverished regions of China

  Bayley III, 5–11 months(n = 50)     
Cognitive RC EC Fine Motor Gross Motor
CREDI
 Cognitive 0.386** 0.374** 0.515*** 0.600*** 0.566***     
 Language 0.449*** 0.447** 0.508*** 0.559*** 0.515***     
 Motor 0.472*** 0.424** 0.585*** 0.634*** 0.617***     
 Social-emotional 0.450*** 0.413** 0.544*** 0.606*** 0.602*** CREDI, 5–11 months(n = 191)  
ASQ-3 Cognitive Language Motor Social-emotional
 Problem Solving −0.007 −0.182 − 0.079 − 0.105 −0.100 0.078 0.029 0.104+ 0.032
 Communication 0.117 0.255+ 0.179 0.162 0.104 0.322*** 0.422*** 0.253*** 0.339***
 Fine Motor 0.038 −0.122 −0.021 − 0.069 − 0.131 0.032 0.046 0.012 0.009
 Gross Motor −0.062 0.004 −0.056 −0.121 0.017 0.047 0.004 0.047 0.028
 Personal-Social 0.121 0.100 0.052 −0.027 0.067 0.159* 0.126+ 0.123+ 0.130+
  Bayley III, 12–17 months(n = 56)     
Cognitive RC EC Fine Motor Gross Motor     
CREDI
 Cognitive 0.460*** 0.516*** 0.512*** 0.505*** 0.624***     
 Language 0.399** 0.559*** 0.644 *** 0.528*** 0.514***     
 Motor 0.442*** 0.529*** 0.527*** 0.532*** 0.736***     
 Social-emotional 0.480*** 0.488*** 0.508*** 0.497*** 0.631*** CREDI, 12–17 months(n = 215)
ASQ-3 Cognitive Language Motor Social-emotional
 Problem Solving 0.073 0.319** 0.286** 0.422** 0.095 0.429*** 0.381*** 0.354*** 0.427***
 Communication 0.128 0.403*** 0.440*** 0.409** 0.082 0.241*** 0.348*** 0.126+ 0.228**
 Fine Motor 0.082 0.208+ 0.224* 0.207 0.070 0.430*** 0.346*** 0.400*** 0.415***
 Gross Motor 0.335** 0.188 0.170 0.304* 0.695*** 0.400*** 0.293*** 0.570*** 0.437***
 Personal-Social 0.352* 0.328** 0.327** 0.427*** 0.348** 0.496*** 0.410*** 0.399*** 0.513***
  Bayley III, 18–23 months(n = 52)     
Cognitive RC EC Fine Motor Gross Motor     
CREDI
 Cognitive 0.450*** 0.254* 0.329*** −0.021 0.201     
 Language 0.539*** 0.381*** 0.546*** 0.134 0.245+     
 Motor 0.498*** 0.262* 0.275** 0.003 0.181     
 Social-emotional 0.379*** 0.260* 0.294** 0.007 0.200 CREDI, 18–23 months(n = 186)
ASQ-3 Cognitive Language Motor Social-emotional
 Problem Solving 0.023 −0.030 0.063 0.089 −0.094 0.341*** 0.298*** 0.389*** 0.302***
 Communication 0.428*** 0.395*** 0.551*** 0.105 0.243+ 0.583*** 0.758*** 0.572*** 0.568***
 Fine Motor 0.062 −0.041 −0.024 − 0.080 − 0.139 0.408*** 0.276*** 0.415*** 0.338***
 Gross Motor 0.044 0.014 0.112 0.070 0.157 0.178* 0.149* 0.337*** 0.127
 Personal-Social −0.086 0.083 0.211+ −0.027 − 0.118 0.256** 0.197* 0.306*** 0.227**
  Bayley III, 24–29 months(n = 62)     
Cognitive RC EC Fine Motor Gross Motor     
CREDI
 Cognitive 0.228+ 0.463*** 0.419*** 0.343** 0.284*     
 Language 0.369** 0.534*** 0.612*** 0.386*** 0.194     
 Motor 0.095 0.183 0.190 0.253* 0.370**     
 Social-emotional 0.187 0.360** 0.317* 0.315** 0.281* CREDI, 24–29 months(n = 206)
ASQ-3 Cognitive Language Motor Social-emotional
 Problem Solving 0.126 0.208+ 0.092 0.080 0.200 0.491*** 0.399*** 0.370*** 0.444***
 Communication 0.202+ 0.410*** 0.455*** 0.290* 0.343* 0.467*** 0.604*** 0.404*** 0.410***
 Fine Motor −0.010 0.116 0.128 0.097 0.238+ 0.451*** 0.329*** 0.401*** 0.366***
 Gross Motor −0.216* −0.153+ − 0.198* −0.095 0.091 0.271*** 0.154* 0.351*** 0.191**
 Personal-Social −0.031 0.129 0.213+ 0.110 0.347** 0.520*** 0.515*** 0.528*** 0.475***
  Bayley III, 30–35 months(n = 28)     
Cognitive RC EC Fine Motor Gross Motor     
CREDI
 Cognitive 0.230 0.228 0.205 0.259 0.157     
 Language 0.554*** 0.550*** 0.560** 0.575*** 0.309*     
 Motor 0.250 0.267+ 0.263 0.426*** 0.242     
 Social-emotional 0.246 0.162 0.181 0.196 0.033 CREDI, 30–35 months(n = 148)
ASQ-3 Cognitive Language Motor Social-emotional
 Problem Solving 0.121 0.219 0.012 0.019 −0.025 0.455*** 0.453*** 0.411*** 0.371***
 Communication 0.388* 0.399** 0.288 0.138 0.210 0.475*** 0.480*** 0.356*** 0.431***
 Fine Motor 0.306+ 0.240 0.140 0.243 0.235 0.452*** 0.340*** 0.451*** 0.401***
 Gross Motor 0.476** 0.258 0.470* 0.401* 0.248 0.377*** 0.379*** 0.466*** 0.243***
 Personal-Social 0.073 0.359** 0.015 0.132 0.040 0.484*** 0.394*** 0.543*** 0.443***
  1. For the description of asterisks, please refer to Table 4 footer