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Table 3 Comparison of the birth weight of neonates and nutritional status of pregnant women in West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia

From: Effects of guided counseling during pregnancy on birth weight of newborns in West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia: a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Variables Intervention (n1 = 258) Control (n2 = 272) P
Birth weight
 Low birth weight (< 2500 g) 16 (6.2) 40 (14.7) 0.001
 Normal birth weight (2500 g -4000 g) 239 (92.6) 232 (85.3)  
 Macrosomic (> 4000 g) 3 (1.2)   
MUAC before intervention
< 23 cm 108 (41.9) 109 (40.1) 0.676
> =23 cm 150 (58.1) 163 (59.9)  
MUAC after intervention
< 23 cm 77 (29.8) 134 (49.3) < 0.001
> =23 cm 181 (70.2) 138 (50.7)  
Place of delivery
 Institution 214 (82.9) 193 (71.0)  
 Home 44 (17.1) 79 (29.0) 0.001