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Table 1 Bacteriology of children with CNLDO under 1 year of age

From: Lacrimal sac bacteriology and susceptibility pattern in infants with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in the 1st year of life: a cross-sectional study

Bacteria isolated Number of isolates % of isolates (n = 38) % of samples (n = 32)
Gram-positive bacteria 23 60.5 65.6
Streptococci species 19 50.0 59.4
Streptococcus pneumoniae 9 23.7 28.1
Streptococcus mitis 4 10.5 12.5
Streptococcus anginosus 2 5.3 6.3
Streptococcus oralis 1 2.6 3.1
Streptococcus contellatus 1 2.6 3.1
Streptococcus intermedius 2 5.3 6.3
Others    
Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) 2 5.3 6.3
Gemella haemolysans 1 2.6 3.1
Corynebacterium macginleyi 1 2.6 3.1
Gram-negative bacteria 15 39.5 37.5
Haemophilus species 8 21.1 25.0
Haemophilus influenzae 3 7.9 9.4
Haemophilus parainfluenzae 1 2.6 3.1
Haemophilus haemolyticus 3 7.9 9.4
Haemophilus aphrophilus 1 2.6 3.1
Neisseriae species 5 13.2 15.6
Neisseriae flavescens 1 2.6 3.1
Neisseriae sicca 1 2.6 3.1
Neisseriae elongata 1 2.6 3.1
Neisseriae macacae 2 5.3 6.3
Others    
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 1 2.6 3.1
Capnocytophaga sputigena 1 2.6 3.1
Anaerobic organisms 0 0 0
Fungas 0 0 0
  1. Note: CNLDO congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus