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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the neonate participants

From: Clinical practice guideline on the prevention and management of neonatal extravasation injury: a before-and-after study design

Variables Control Group (n = 104)
F(%)
Intervention Group (n = 109)
F (%)
p value for difference
Gender    0.433
  Male 59 (56.7) 56 (51.4)  
  Female 45 (43.3) 53 (48.6)  
Gestational age (week) Mean (SD):
36.80 (4.31)
Mean (SD):
36.47 (4.65)
0.593#
Birth weight (kg) Mean (SD):
2.59 (0.95)
Mean (SD):
2.53 (0.92)
0.646#
Level of care    0.998
  Special care baby unit 62 (59.62) 65 (59.63)  
  Neonatal intensive care unit 42 (40.38) 44 (40.37)  
Maturity    0.776
  Full term 64 (61.54) 65 (59.63)  
  Pre term 40 (38.46) 44 (40.37)  
Mode of delivery    0.207
  Spontaneous vaginal 47 (45.19) 40 (36.70)  
  Assisted/Instrumentala 57 (38.46) 69 (63.30)  
Cause of hospitalization    0.962
  Infection 40 (38.46) 40 (36.70)  
  Prematurity 32 (30.77) 34 (31.19)
  Other diseasesb 32 (30.77) 35 (32.11)
Apgar score Mean (SD): Mean (SD):
  1 minute 8.82 (1.80) 8.60 (1.81) 0.37#
  5 minutes 9.30 (1.25) 9.29 (1.04) 0.98#
SNAPPE II score (NICU) Mean (SD):
20.86 (22.76)
Mean (SD):
21.93 (17.71)
0.81#
  1. Abbreviations:F Frequency, NICU Neonatal intensive care unit, SD Standard deviation, SNAPPE II Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology with Perinatal Extension-II
  2. ‡ By χ2test
  3. # p value for mean difference by independent sample t-test
  4. a Assisted/Instrumental mode of delivery included caesarean section, vacuum extraction, and assisted breech
  5. b Other diseases included respiratory, cardiovascular, neurological, hematological, gastrointestinal and renal diseases