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Table 1 Clinical data of all 975 cases included in the spatial analysis. Overall, and stratified on hypospadias form

From: Spatial analysis of hypospadias cases in northern France: taking clinical data into account

  Overall Anterior Middle Posterior
n 975 548 319 108
Type (%)
 Anterior 548 (56.2)
 Middle 319 (32.7)
 Posterior 108 (11.1)
Chordee (%)
 Normal 555 (56.9) 421 (76.8) 127 (39.8) 7 (6.5)
  < 45° 202 (20.7) 77 (14.1) 105 (32.9) 20 (18.5)
  > 45° 212 (21.7) 49 (8.9) 84 (26.3) 79 (73.1)
 NA 6 (0.6) 1 (0.2) 3 (0.9) 2 (1.9)
Hormone treatment (%)
 No treatment 902 (92.5) 537 (98.0) 303 (95.0) 62 (57.4)
 Treatment 64 (6.6) 6 (1.1) 13 (4.1) 45 (41.7)
 NA 9 (0.9) 5 (0.9) 3 (0.9) 1 (0.9)
Family history (%)
 None 848 (87.0) 488 (89.1) 270 (84.6) 90 (83.3)
 1st degree relative 79 (8.1) 39 (7.1) 26 (8.2) 14 (13.0)
 2nd degree relative 29 (3.0) 13 (2.4) 13 (4.1) 3 (2.8)
 3rd degree relative 19 (1.9) 8 (1.5) 10 (3.1) 1 (0.9)
IUGR (%) 93 (9.5) 33 (6.0) 18 (5.6) 42 (38.9)
Term of delivery (%)
 Term delivery 860 (88.2) 502 (91.6) 295 (92.5) 63 (58.3)
 Preterm delivery 113 (11.6) 45 (8.2) 23 (7.2) 45 (41.7)
 NA 2 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.3) 0 (0.0)
Multiple pregnancy (%)
 Singleton 927 (95.1) 522 (95.3) 308 (96.6) 97 (89.8)
 Twins 47 (4.8) 25 (4.6) 11 (3.4) 11 (10.2)
 Triplets 1 (0.1) 1 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Age at 1st consultation (months) Median [IQR] 9.48 [4.52;18.69] 11.67 [5.30;23.54] 8.43 [3.98;16.39] 6.64 [3.88;12.47]
  1. IQR interquartile range, IUGR intrauterine growth retardation, NA information not available