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Table 4 Themes and sub-themes from thematic content analysis of responses

From: Referral systems for preterm, low birth weight, and sick newborns in Ethiopia: a qualitative assessment

Themes and Sub-themes
 Transportation barriers inhibiting effective referrals
  Long distances
  Poor road networks
  Lack of appropriate transportation
 Communication barriers inhibiting effective referrals
  Phone unavailable or not answered at receiving facility
  Non-clinical contact at receiving facility
  No feedback from receiving facility
 Referral protocol and guideline failure
  Absence of protocol or guideline
  Lack of training on referral processes
 Family refusal for newborn referrals
  Fear of the unknown
  Low expectations for referral outcome
  Referral refusal due to financial constraints