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Table 2 Prevalence of anaemia and microcytic anaemia as affected by socio-demographic and clinical parameters

From: Burden of moderate to severe anaemia and severe stunting in children < 3 years in conflict-hit Mount Cameroon: a community based descriptive cross-sectional study

Characteristics Category N Prevalence of anaemia P-value Microcytic anaemia P value
All All 649 84.0 (545) 59.3 (385)
Socio-demographic
 Age group in years 0.1–1.0 206 88.3 (182) 0.022 53.4 (110) 0.072
1.1–2 222 85.1 (189) 59.9 (133)
2.1–3 221 78.8 (174) 64.3 (142)
 Sex Female 327 81.0 (265) 0.040 54.1 (177) 0.007
Male 322 87.0 (280) 64.6 (208)
 Site Dibanda 161 87.6 (141) 0.270 59.6 (96) 0.988
Ekona 273 83.9 (229) 59.0 (161)
Muea 215 81.4 (175) 59.5 (128)
 Educational level of parent/caregiver No formal 273 98.2 (268) <  0.001 70.3 (192) < 0.001
Primary 154 90.3 (139) 63.6 (98)
Secondary 166 63.3 (105) 41.6 (69)
Tertiary 40 45.0 (18) 40.0 (16)
 Infant feeding habit NBF 122 86.1 (105) 0.761 52.5 (64) 0.182
EBF 134 82.8 (111) 63.4 (85)
MF 393 83.7 (329) 60.1 (236)
Clinical factors
 Febrile status Febrile 36 83.3 (30) 0.914 63.9 (23) 0.566
Afebrile 613 84.0 (515) 59.1 (362)
 Malaria parasite status Positive 191 84.8 (162) 0.706 55.0 (105) 0.145
Negative 458 83.6 (383) 61.0 (280)
 Undernourished Yes 249 87.2 (217) 0.082 64.3 (160) 0.043
No 400 82.0 (328) 56.3 (225)
 Stunted Yes 210 87.6 (184) 0.080 66.2 (139) 0.014
No 439 82.2 (361) 56.0 (246)
 Wasted Yes 41 92.7 (38) 0.116 65.9 (27) 0.379
No 608 83.4 (507) 58.9 (358)
 Underweight Yes 85 87.1 (74) 0.406 65.9 (56) 0.187
No 564 83.5 (471) 58.3 (329)
  1. EBF Exclusive breastfeeding, MF Mixed feeding, NBF No breast feeding. P- values in bold are statistically significant