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Table 2 Baseline characteristics for those using and not using a terrain park while skiing or snowboarding today (N = 691)

From: Understanding youths’ attitudes and practices regarding listening to music, video recording and terrain park use while skiing and snowboarding

  Not using TP today
n = 117
Using TP today
n = 574
OR (95% CI)
Age (years)a 15.1 (1.6) 14.8 (1.4) 0.89 (0.78, 1.02)
Malea 64 (54.7) 500 (87.1) 5.83 (3.75, 9.06)
Missing 0 3 (0.5)  
Snowboardersa 81 (69.2) 483 (84.1) 2.55 (1.61, 4.03)
Missing 1 (0.9) 9 (1.6)  
Abilitya
 Beginner 36 (30.8) 39 (6.8) 1.00
 Intermediate 50 (42.7) 223 (38.9) 4.12 (2.38, 7.11)
 Advanced 21 (17.9) 210 (36.6) 9.23 (4.88, 17.46)
 Expert 9 (7.7) 83 (14.5) 8.51 (3.74, 19.40)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 19 (3.3)  
 Previous ski/snowboard injury that required a doctora 11 (9.4) 168 (29.3) 4.08 (2.12, 7.83)
 Missing 15 (12.8) 65 (11.3)  
 Skiing or snowboarding alone 12 (10.3) 61 (10.6) 1.03 (0.54, 1.99)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 1 (0.2)  
 Skiing or snowboarding with friendsa 83 (70.9) 523 (91.1) 4.44 (2.65, 7.43)
 Missing 3 (2.6) 7 (1.2)  
 Skiing or snowboarding with parents 15 (12.8) 49 (8.5) 0.63 (0.34, 1.16)
 Missing 4 (3.4) 15 (2.6)  
 Skiing or snowboarding with siblings 26 (22.2) 115 (20.0) 0.88 (0.54, 1.42)
 Missing 2 (1.7) 10 (1.7)  
Think you will get any type of injury today
 Disagree 88 (75.2) 355 (61.8) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 11 (9.4) 81 (14.1) 1.83 (0.93, 3.57)
 Agree 16 (13.7) 123 (21.4) 1.91 (1.08, 3.37)
 Missing 2 (1.7) 15 (2.6)  
Think you will get a head injury today
 Disagree 95 (81.2) 423 (73.7) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 6 (5.1) 65 (11.3) 2.43 (1.02, 5.78)
 Agree 14 (12.0) 72 (12.5) 1.16 (0.62, 2.13)
 Missing 2 (1.7) 14 (2.4)  
Think you will get a wrist injury today
 Disagree 87 (74.4) 379 (66.0) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 8 (6.8) 70 (12.2) 2.01 (0.93, 4.33)
 Agree 20 (17.1) 117 (20.4) 1.34 (0.79, 2.28)
 Missing 2 (1.7) 8 (1.4)  
Use terrain parks
 Hardly ever 75 (64.1) 24 (4.2) 1.00
 Half the time 28 (23.9) 88 (15.3) 9.82 (5.25, 18.37)
 Most of the time 13 (11.1) 462 (80.5) 111.06 (54.18, 227.64)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 0  
 I plan to use the terrain park next time 51 (43.6) 528 (92.0) 88.74 (38.54, 204.30)
 Missing 6 (5.1) 39 (6.8)  
 Terrain parks are cool/challenging/funa 41 (35.0) 428 (74.6) 5.43 (3.56, 8.30)
 Terrain parks are for experienced skiers and snowboarders onlya 69 (59.0) 214 (37.3) 0.41 (0.28, 0.62)
 Terrain parks are riskier than the regular hill 88 (75.2) 354 (61.7) 0.53 (0.34, 0.83)
 Terrain parks are too busy/crowdeda 47 (40.2) 158 (27.5) 0.57 (0.38, 0.86)
 Missing 0 1 (0.2)  
 Terrain parks are the main reason I am here 9 (7.7) 362 (63.1) 20.49 (10.17, 41.30)
I get hurt in terrain parksa
 Never 40 (34.2) 57 (9.9) 1.00
 Hardly Ever 34 (29.1) 346 (60.3) 7.14 (4.18, 12.21)
 Half the time 4 (3.4) 105 (18.3) 18.42 (6.27, 54.09)
 Most of the time 2 (1.7) 37 (6.4) 12.98 (2.96, 56.98)
 Always 2 (1.7) 23 (4.0) 8.07 (1.80, 36.18)
 Do not use them 33 (28.2) 3 (0.5) 0.06 (0.02, 0.22)
 Missing 2 (1.7) 3 (0.5)  
Parents use terrain park
 No 95 (81.2) 416 (72.5) 1.00
 Sometimes 8 (6.8) 46 (8.0) 1.31 (0.60, 2.87)
 Yes 9 (7.7) 72 (12.5) 1.83 (0.88, 3.78)
 Missing 5 (4.3) 40 (7.0)  
Siblings use terrain parka
 No 73 (62.4) 251 (43.7) 1.00
 Sometimes 14 (12.0) 95 (16.6) 1.97 (1.06, 3.66)
 Yes 25 (21.4) 201 (35.0) 2.34 (1.43, 3.82)
 Missing 5 (4.3) 27 (4.7)  
Friends use terrain park
 No 18 (15.4) 19 (3.3) 1.00
 Sometimes 46 (39.3) 42 (7.3) 0.86 (0.40, 1.87)
 Yes 44 (37.6) 502 (87.5) 10.81 (5.29, 22.08)
 Missing 9 (7.7) 11 (1.9)  
 If my parents said I was not allowed I would go to the terrain park and risk getting caughta 35 (29.9) 408 (71.1) 5.98 (3.86, 9.25)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 8 (1.4)  
 If my friends decided not to use the terrain park, I would go where they went 76 (65.0) 327 (57.0) 0.80 (0.53, 1.22)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 32 (5.6)  
 I think people use the terrain park because friends use it 56 (47.9) 396 (69.0) 2.42 (1.62, 3.63)
 I think people use the terrain park because all the good skiers and snowboarders use ita 79 (67.5) 337 (58.7) 0.68 (0.45, 1.04)
 I think people use the terrain park to impress people 67 (57.3) 276 (48.1) 0.69 (0.46, 1.03)
I think terrain parks are more dangerous so you should wear a helmet
 Disagree 13 (11.1) 82 (14.3) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 4 (3.4) 66 (11.5) 2.62 (0.81, 8.40)
 Agree 99 (84.6) 423 (73.7) 0.68 (0.36, 1.27)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 3 (0.5)  
I think terrain parks are used by my friends and I do not want to be left outa
 Disagree 65 (55.6) 321 (55.9) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 32 (27.4) 116 (20.2) 0.73 (0.46, 1.18)
 Agree 19 (16.2) 130 (22.6) 1.39 (0.80, 2.40)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 7 (1.2)  
I think terrain parks are more dangerous than the regular hill
 Disagree 15 (12.8) 100 (17.4) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 8 (6.8) 61 (10.6) 1.14 (0.46, 2.86)
 Agree 94 (80.3) 409 (71.3) 0.65 (0.36, 1.17)
 Missing 0 4 (0.7)  
Be aware in terrain parks to make terrain parks safer
 Disagree 11 (9.4) 67 (11.7) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 3 (2.6) 35 (6.1) 1.92 (0.50, 7.32)
 Agree 103 (88.0) 466 (81.2) 0.74 (0.38, 1.46)
 Missing 0 6 (1.0)  
Go really fast to make terrain parks safer
 Disagree 74 (63.2) 312 (54.4) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 20 (17.1) 97 (16.9) 1.15 (0.67, 1.98)
 Agree 23 (19.7) 160 (27.9) 1.65 (1.00, 2.73)
 Missing 0 5 (0.9)  
Slow down to make terrain parks safer
 Disagree 25 (21.4) 152 (26.5) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 21 (17.9) 125 (21.8) 0.98 (0.52, 1.83)
 Agree 71 (60.7) 292 (50.9) 0.68 (0.41, 1.11)
 Missing 0 5 (0.9)  
Do not be scared of getting hurt to make terrain parks safera
 Disagree 45 (38.5) 154 (26.8) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 30 (25.6) 105 (18.3) 1.02 (0.61, 1.73)
 Agree 42 (35.9) 311 (54.2) 2.16 (1.36, 3.44)
 Missing 0 4 (0.7)  
Do not use dangerous features to make terrain parks safer
 Disagree 33 (28.2) 218 (38.0) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 27 (23.1) 108 (18.8) 0.61 (0.35, 1.06)
 Agree 57 (48.7) 240 (41.8) 0.64 (0.40, 1.02)
 Missing 0 8 (1.4)  
Ski or snowboard within my ability to make terrain parks safer
 Disagree 14 (12.0) 83 (14.5) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 4 (3.4) 53 (9.2) 2.23 (0.70, 7.15)
 Agree 98 (83.8) 434 (75.6) 0.75 (0.41, 1.37)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 4 (0.7)  
Take turns on features to make terrain parks safer
 Disagree 14 (12.0) 95 (16.6) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 16 (13.7) 67 (11.7) 0.62 (0.28, 1.35)
 Agree 86 (73.5) 406 (70.7) 0.70 (0.38, 1.28)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 6 (1.0)  
Listen to music while skiing or snowboarding make terrain parks safer
 Disagree 61 (52.1) 233 (40.6) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 31 (26.5) 125 (21.8) 1.06 (0.65, 1.71)
 Agree 24 (20.5) 210 (36.6) 2.29 (1.38, 3.81)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 6 (1.0)  
Fewer people in the park at one time make terrain parks safer
 Disagree 27 (23.1) 195 (34.0) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 27 (23.1) 107 (18.6) 0.55 (0.31, 0.98)
 Agree 62 (53.0) 265 (46.2) 0.59 (0.36, 0.96)
 Missing 1 (0.9) 7 (1.2)  
  1. aVariables included in the logistic regression model