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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for those listening and not listening to music while skiing or snowboarding today (N = 723)

From: Understanding youths’ attitudes and practices regarding listening to music, video recording and terrain park use while skiing and snowboarding

  Not listening to music while skiing or snowboarding today
n = 456
Listening to music while skiing or snowboarding today
n = 267
OR (95% CI)
Age (mean (sd)) 14.7 (1.5) 15.2 (1.4) 1.26 (1.14, 1.40)
Male 356 (78.1) 235 (88.0) 2.18 (1.40, 3.38)
Missing 1 (0.2) 2 (0.7)  
Snowboarders 364 (79.8) 233 (87.3) 1.92 (1.22, 3.02)
Missing 5 (1.1) 5 (1.9)  
Abilitya
 Beginner 63 (13.8) 15 (5.6) 1.00
 Intermediate 206 (45.2) 78 (29.2) 1.59 (0.86, 2.96)
 Advanced 140 (30.7) 98 (36.7) 2.94 (1.58, 5.46)
 Expert 36 (7.9) 66 (24.7) 7.70 (3.85, 15.42)
 Missing 11 (2.4) 10 (3.7)  
 Previous ski/snowboard injury that required a doctor 91 (20.0) 96 (36.0) 2.28 (1.61, 3.23)
 Missing 54 (11.8) 27 (10.1)  
 Skiing or snowboarding alonea 34 (7.5) 42 (15.7) 2.31 (1.43, 3.73)
 Missing 2 (0.4) 0  
 Skiing or snowboarding with friends 390 (85.5) 242 (90.6) 1.66 (0.99, 2.79)
 Missing 7 (1.5) 3 (1.1)  
 Skiing or snowboarding with parents 42 (9.2) 22 (8.2) 0.87 (0.51, 1.49)
 Missing 14 (3.1) 4 (1.5)  
 Skiing or snowboarding with siblings 89 (19.5) 60 (22.5) 1.19 (0.82, 1.72)
 Missing 8 (1.8) 3 (1.1)  
Think you will get any type of injury today
 Disagree 309 (67.8) 152 (56.9) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 59 (12.9) 37 (13.9) 1.27 (0.81, 2.01)
 Agree 76 (16.7) 73 (27.3) 1.95 (1.34, 2.84)
 Missing 12 (2.6) 5 (1.9)  
Think you will get a head injury today
 Disagree 351 (77.0) 191 (71.5) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 38 (8.3) 37 (13.9) 1.79 (1.10, 2.91)
 Agree 56 (12.3) 34 (12.7) 1.12 (0.70, 1.77)
 Missing 11 (2.4) 5 (1.9)  
Think you will get a wrist injury today
 Disagree 316 (69.3) 172 (64.4) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 50 (11.0) 33 (12.4) 1.21 (0.75, 1.95)
 Agree 83 (18.2) 59 (22.1) 1.31 (0.89, 1.91)
 Missing 7 (1.5) 3 (1.1)  
I listen to music on my iPod/phone while skiing or snowboarding
 Hardly ever 361 (79.2) 24 (9.0) 1.00
 Half the time 70 (15.4) 66 (24.7) 14.18 (8.33, 24.16)
 Most of the time 25 (5.5) 175 (65.5) 105.29 (58.45, 189.66)
 Missing 0 2 (0.7)  
 I plan to listen to music next timea 109 (23.9) 233 (87.3) 37.13 (22.18, 62.16)
 Missing 17 (3.7) 15 (5.6)  
 I want to listen to my own music 216 (47.4) 223 (83.5) 5.76 (3.96, 8.38)
 Missing 0 1 (0.4)  
 I don’t like the music playing overheada 123 (27.0) 116 (43.4) 2.09 (1.52, 2.88)
 Missing 0 1 (0.4)  
 Music makes me more aware of my surroundings 43 (9.4) 58 (21.7) 2.68 (1.75, 4.11)
 Missing 0 1 (0.4)  
 I like being in my own world 132 (28.9) 139 (52.1) 2.69 (1.96, 3.68)
 Missing 0 1 (0.4)  
 Music makes skiing or snowboarding more exciting or fun or makes them more confidenta 210 (46.1) 212 (79.4) 4.58 (3.22, 6.51)
 Missing 1 (0.2) 1 (0.4) 4.54 (0.28, 73.68)
Parents listen to music while skiing or snowboardingb
 No 398 (87.3) 186 (69.7) 1.00
 Sometimes 22 (4.8) 23 (8.6) 2.24 (1.22, 4.12)
 Yes 18 (3.9) 36 (13.5) 4.28 (2.37, 7.74)
 Missing 18 (3.9) 22 (8.2)  
Siblings listen to music while skiing or snowboardingb
 No 350 (76.8) 135 (50.6) 1.00
 Sometimes 48 (10.5) 44 (16.5) 2.38 (1.51, 3.74)
 Yes 38 (8.3) 65 (24.3) 4.43 (2.84, 6.93)
 Missing 20 (4.4) 23 (8.6)  
Friends listen to music while skiing or snowboarding
 No 144 (31.6) 24 (9.0) 1.00
 Sometimes 164 (36.0) 70 (26.2) 2.56 (1.53, 4.29)
 Yes 112 (24.6) 159 (59.6) 8.52 (5.19, 13.98)
 Missing 36 (7.9) 14 (5.2)  
Listening to music makes me a better skier or snowboardera
 Disagree 183 (40.1) 54 (20.2) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 115 (25.2) 44 (16.5) 1.30 (0.82, 2.06)
 Agree 151 (33.1) 168 (62.9) 3.77 (2.59, 5.48)
 Missing 7 (1.5) 1 (0.4)  
Listening to music makes me more likely to hurt myself or others
 Disagree 174 (38.2) 135 (50.6) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 89 (19.5) 55 (20.6) 0.80 (0.53, 1.19)
 Agree 185 (40.6) 74 (27.7) 0.52 (0.36, 0.73)
 Missing 8 (1.8) 3 (1.1)  
Listening to music is safe if you use one ear buda
 Disagree 159 (34.9) 63 (23.6) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 82 (18.0) 45 (16.9) 1.39 (0.87, 2.21)
 Agree 207 (45.4) 158 (59.2) 1.93 (1.35, 2.76)
 Missing 8 (1.8) 1 (0.4)  
Listening to music makes me more carefula
 Disagree 255 (55.9) 112 (41.9) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 99 (21.7) 75 (28.1) 1.72 (1.19, 2.51)
 Agree 93 (20.4) 80 (30.0) 1.96 (1.35, 2.84)
 Missing 9 (2.0) 0  
Listening to music is distractinga
 Disagree 154 (33.8) 161 (60.3) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 87 (19.1) 43 (16.1) 0.47 (0.31, 0.72)
 Agree 207 (45.4) 61 (22.8) 0.28 (0.20, 0.40)
 Missing 8 (1.8) 2 (0.7)  
Listening to music makes it harder to hear/talk to peoplea
 Disagree 78 (17.1) 82 (30.7) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 55 (12.1) 29 (10.9) 0.50 (0.29, 0.87)
 Agree 314 (68.9) 153 (57.3) 0.46 (0.32, 0.67)
 Missing 9 (2.0) 3 (1.1)  
Listening to music is fun or relaxing
 Disagree 102 (22.4) 40 (15.0) 1.00
 Neither agree or disagree 76 (16.7) 24 (9.0) 0.81 (0.45, 1.45)
 Agree 271 (59.4) 202 (75.7) 1.90 (1.26, 2.86)
 Missing 7 (1.5) 1 (0.4)  
 Using the terrain park today 343 (75.2) 225 (84.3) 2.60 (1.59, 4.38)
 Missing 18 (3.9) 18 (6.7)  
 Video recording while skiing or snowboarding today 125 (27.4) 140 (52.4) 2.96 (2.13, 4.11)
 Missing 1 (0.2) 2 (0.7)  
  1. aVariables included in the logistic regression model
  2. bParent and siblings were combined to ‘any family member’ in the logistic regression model