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Table 1 Baseline and birth characteristics, overall and by treatment group

From: Home-based intervention for non-Hispanic black families finds no significant difference in infant size or growth: results from the Mothers & Others randomized controlled trial

Sample characteristic Totala
(N = 428)
Treatment Group
Obesity Prevention
(n = 214)
Injury Prevention
(n = 214)
Maternal characteristics
 Age, years, mean (SD) 25.8 (5.3) 26.2 (5.5) 25.3 (5.2)
 Education, any college, No. (%) 202 (47.3) 101 (47.4) 101 (47.2)
 Married, yes, No. (%) 118 (27.7) 57 (26.8) 61 (28.6)
 Medicaid, yes, No. (%) 316 (74.4) 160 (74.8) 156 (73.9)
 Depressive symptomsb, No. (%) 139 (32.8) 68 (31.9) 71 (33.7)
 Currently smoke, No. (%) 37 (8.7) 21 (9.8) 16 (7.5)
 Pre-pregnancy BMI, mean (SD) 28.6 (8.4) 28.4 (7.7) 28.9 (9)
 First-time mother, No. (%) 239 (56.1) 116 (54.2) 123 (58)
 Plan for cesarean section, No. (%) 33 (8) 18 (8.7) 15 (7.3)
Household characteristics
 Food insecure, No. (%) 98 (23.1) 46 (21.6) 52 (24.5)
 Currently enrolled in WIC, No. (%) 349 (81.7) 179 (84) 169 (78.6)
 Household size, mean (SD) 3.7 (1.7) 3.8 (1.6) 3.7 (1.7)
 Dad in household, No. (%) 194 (45.2) 99 (46.1) 95 (44.4)
 Grandmother in household, No. (%) 125 (29.1) 62 (28.8) 63 (29.4)
Birth characteristics
 Birthweight, grams, mean (SD) 3317 (430) 3306 (431) 3327 (431)
 Caesarian section, No. (%) 52 (21.3) 27 (22.3) 25 (20.3)
  1. aOne participant did not complete the baseline assessment and was not randomized; one participant had missing sociodemographic data. bCenter for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale score ≥ 16