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Table 3 The range of complications experienced and percentage of the affected individuals in 123 CCHS patients

From: Neurodevelopmental outcome and respiratory management of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome: a retrospective study

Daytime hypoventilation Number Percenta
31 25.2
Tracheomalacia 13 10.6
Pulmonary hypertension 7 5.7
Hirschsprung disease 53 43.1
Gastroesophageal reflux disease 5 4.1
Constipation 15 12.2
Arrhythmia 24 19.5
ASD/VSD 2 1.6
Epilepsy 23 18.7
Autism 15 12.2
Learning disorder 5 4.1
AD/HD 3 2.4
Speech development delay 14 11.4
Encephalitis encephalopathy 3 2.4
Autonomic nervous system disorders 7 5.7
Breath-holding spell 8 6.5
Strabismus 16 13.0
Midfacial hypoplasia 12 9.8
  1. aMany patients had certain complications. The percentage is the ratio of the number of patients with complications to all patients