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Table 3 Comparison of anthropometric measures, lipid profile components, serum 25(OH) D and anti-ADV36-Ab among children in three weight categories

From: Modulating effect of vitamin D status on serum anti-adenovirus 36 antibody amount in children with obesity: National Food and Nutrition Surveillance

Variable Normal Weight
(n1 = 33)
Overweight
(n2 = 33)
Obesity
(n3 = 25)
p value
Age (yrs) 9.8 ± 3.1 9.7 ± 3.0 9.3 ± 3.3 0.820
Weight (kg) 34.8 ± 13.1a 46.0 ± 16.2b 53.3 ± 25.3b 0.001
Height (cm) 138.3 ± 19.7 142.0 ± 15.1 133.5 ± 25.7 0.289
BMI (kg/m2) 17.4 ± 1.7a 22.5 ± 4.1b 28.7 ± 7.5c < 0.001
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 74.9 ± 36.4 90.8 ± 43.0 98.8 ± 52.1 0.104
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 144.1 ± 24.0 143.3 ± 26.5 151.8 ± 25.5 0.401
HDL-C (mg/dL) 55.0 ± 10.2 51.8 ± 13.5 51.0 ± 14.0 0.428
LDL-C (mg/dL) 74.1 ± 20.2 73.3 ± 19.3 80.9 ± 20.8 0.308
25(OH) D (nmol/L) 31.0 ± 16.4a 22.5 ± 10.5b 21.9 ± 9.8b 0.004
Anti-ADV36-Ab (arb.unit) 2.0 ± 1.6a 4.1 ± 6.4b 6.3 ± 6.8b 0.013
  1. Numbers in a row not sharing a common superscript are significantly different