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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis of associated factors of NE in children ages 5–12 years

From: Prevalence and risk factors of nocturnal enuresis among children ages 5–12 years in Xi’an, China: a cross-sectional study

Factors BSEWalsPOR95% CI
GenderMale    1(ref) 
Female−0.4440.1459.4160.0020.6410.483–0.852
Age−0.1730.03721.492< 0.0010.8410.782–0.905
Delivery modeNatural labor    1(ref) 
Caesarean birth0.2220.1372.6290.1051.2480.955–1.632
Duration of using DDNever use    1(ref) 
0-1 year0.1210.2780.1880.6651.1280.654–1.947
> 1 but ≤2 years0.7340.2677.5750.0062.0841.235–3.516
> 2 but ≤3 years0.8560.3197.2080.0072.3541.260–4.399
> 3 but ≤4 years2.0550.41924.080< 0.0017.8063.435–17.737
> 4 years3.1190.50338.471< 0.00122.6248.444–60.620
Toilet training onset time< 6 months of age    1(ref) 
6-12 months of age0.2570.1672.3690.1241.2930.932–1.795
13-18 months of age0.0110.2220.0030.9591.0110.655–1.562
> 18 months of age−0.0480.4180.0130.9090.9530.420–2.164
Never training0.5570.2405.3760.0201.7451.090–2.793
Drinking plain water and eating fruits before bedNo    1(ref) 
Yes0.1100.1500.5360.4641.1160.832–1.496
Living habits during the dayNone of the following    1(ref) 
drinking sugary beverages0.6040.2128.1120.0041.8301.207–2.773
Eating sweets0.3080.1872.7050.1001.3610.943–1.965
drinking low amounts of plain water(< 500 ml)0.5260.1917.5360.0061.6921.162–2.462
The time to fall asleepBefore 21:00    1(ref) 
21:00–23:000.4570.2323.8860.0491.5791.003–2.486
After 23:000.6040.4791.5950.2071.8300.716–4.677
Awakening from sleepEasy    1(ref) 
Difficult−0.2830.1563.2780.0700.7530.555–1.024
Sleep disordersNo    1(ref) 
Yes0.2910.1414.2350.0401.3381.014–1.764
Playing games before bedNo    1(ref) 
Sometimes−0.0680.1470.2120.6450.9340.700–1.247
Often−0.2730.5340.2610.6090.7610.267–2.167
Academic performancePoor    1(ref) 
General−1.0330.3289.9370.0020.3560.187–0.677
Good−1.2760.32615.346< 0.0010.2790.148–0.529
Family history of NENo    1(ref) 
Not sure1.5490.16489.245< 0.0014.7053.412–6.488
Yes2.4580.172204.34< 0.00111.6808.336–16.355
  1. Note: ref. = reference; NE = nocturnal enuresis; CI = confidence interval