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Table 7 Bivariate associations between independent variables and quality of life

From: A cross-sectional study on caregivers’ perspective of the quality of life and adherence of paediatric HIV patients to highly active antiretroviral therapy

CharacteristicsQuality of Life Scores
Dom 1
Mean (SD)
Dom 2
Mean (SD)
Dom 3
Mean (SD)
Dom 4
Mean (SD)
Caregiver Age
 < 30 years56.3 (11.0)63.9 (15.4)43.5 (21.9)58.98 (12.2)
  ≥ 30 years56.7 (11.9)62.8 (18.4)44.4 (16.9)56.3 (14.1)
P-value0.8340.7130.7720.243
Caregiver Sex
 Male56.1 (10.5)64.9 (14.4)40.3 (11.7)58.1 (13.4)
 Female56.8 (12.0)62.5 (18.6)45.3 (19.6)56.7 (13.7)
P-value0.7650.4440.1120.543
Caregiver HIV status
 Positive58.3 (11.7)68.2 (14.7)42.5 (20.2)59.3 (13.7)
 Negative58.2 (9.5)61.5 (11.3)47.2 (16.1)53.8 (9.7)
 Don’t Know53.3 (12.4)57.5 (22.6)44.2((16.6)56.2 (15.4)
P-value0.024a<  0.001b0.3970.081
Involvement in Nutritional program
 Yes57.0 (11.5)63.1 (16.9)44.3 (17.3)56.2 (12.5)
 No55.3 (12.2)62.9 (20.2)43.6 (20.9)59.5 (16.7)
P-value0.3870.9290.8210.156
Caregiver type (taking child to clinic)
 Parents (Mother/Father/Siblings)58.0 (10.6)68.2 (14.8)43.0 (18.2)59.7(13.5)
 Close relatives (Grandparents /Aunties/Uncles)55.7 (11.6)56.9 (17.1)45.4 (18.2)53.8 (12.3)
 Neighbour/Relative outside home34.8 (19.6)26.0 (27.1)56.3 (12.5)36.7 (13.1)
P-value<  0.001b<  0.001b0.280< 0.001b
Child’s Age
  < 5 years56.7 (10.8)63.1 (16.5)47.0 (18.7)57.8 (13.9)
  ≥ 5 years56.5 (12.9)63.0 (19.5)39.6 (16.4)55.7 (13.1)
P-value0.9030.9730.006a0.312
Child’s Sex
 Male55.2 (12.5)62.0 (19.2)44.7 (19.9)57.0 (15.1)
 Female58.3 (10.3)64.3 (15.8)43.5 (16.0)57.0 (11.7)
P-value0.630.3690.6340.989
Adherence status
 Adherent64.6 (8.1)70.8 (13.0)47.7 (24.3)55.7 (12.0)
 Non-Adherent56.1 (11.7)62.6 (17.9)43.9 (17.8)57.1 (13.6)
P-value0.019a0.1340.5020.742
  1. aSignificant; bVery significant; SD standard deviation; Domain 1(Dom1): Physical Health; Domain 2(Dom2): Psychological Health; Domain 3(Dom3): Social Health Domain 4(Dom4): Environmental Health