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Table 2 Characterisation of households and caregivers of studied children

From: Iron deficiency anaemia among 6-to-36-month children from northern Angola

Variables Categories n N Estimated proportion (95% CI)
Household characteristics
 Estimated monthly income (AKZ) < 15,000 356 602 59.1 (55.2–63)
≥ 15,000 246 602 40.9 (37–44.8)
 Daily food expenditure (AKZ) < 1000 579 871 66.5 (63.3–69.5)
 Median = 1000.0; Mean = 1361.2; SD = 2486.5 ≥ 1000 292 871 33.5 (30.5–36.7)
 Daily water expenditure (AKZ) < 200 286 472 60.6 (56.1–64.9)
 Median = 200.0; Mean = 368.7; SD = 1095.8 ≥ 200 186 472 39.4 (35.1–43.9)
 Latrine ownership Yes 694 933 74.4 (71.5–77.1)
 Bednet ownership Yes 470 929 50.6 (47.4–53.8)
 Ownership of land for agriculture Yes 372 927 40.1 (37–43.3)
 Breeding or hunting animals Yes 246 924 26.6 (23.9–29.6)
 Number of residents <= 3 137 948 14.5 (12.4–16.8)
 Median = 6.0; Mean = 5.9; SD = 2.5 4–5 335 948 35.3 (32.4–38.4)
6–7 262 948 27.6 (24.9–30.6)
> = 8 214 948 22.6 (20–25.3)
 Number of children under 5 years old None 170 680 25 (21.9–28.4)
 Median = 1.0; Mean = 1.2; SD = 1.2 1 330 680 48.5 (44.8–52.3)
> = 2 180 680 26.5 (23.3–29.9)
Characteristics of the caregivers
 Age < 20 years 150 861 17.4 (15–20.1)
 Median = 27.0; Mean = 27.6; SD = 8.5 20–39 years 643 861 74.7 (71.7–77.5)
> 40 years 68 861 7.9 (6.3–9.9)
 Gender Male 35 828 4.2 (3.1–5.8)
Female 793 828 95.8 (94.2–96.9)
 Marital status Married or living with partner 660 817 80.8 (77.9–83.3)
Single, divorced or widow 157 817 19.2 (16.7–22.1)
 School frequency Yes 701 804 87.2 (84.7–89.3)
 Education level achieved Primary level 238 655 36.3 (32.7–40.1)
Basic level 330 655 50.4 (46.6–54.2)
High school to university 87 655 13.3 (10.9–16.1)
 Number of children under 5 years old in the household <=2 344 813 42.3 (39–45.7)
 Median = 3.0; Mean = 3.3; SD = 2.0 3–4 265 813 32.6 (29.5–35.9)
> = 5 204 813 25.1 (22.2–28.2)
 Nutritional status of mothersa Eutrophic (BMI 18.50–24.99 kg/m2) 478 801 59.7 (56.2–63)
Underweight (BMI < 18.50 kg/m2) 50 801 6.2 (4.8–8.1)
Overweight and obese (BMI > 25 kg/m2) 273 801 34.1 (30.9–37.4)
  1. aOnly non-pregnant mothers were included