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Table 1 Characteristics of participants and parental educational differences

From: Correlates of screen time and mediators of differences by parental education among adolescents

 Total sample (n = 702)aLow parental educationHigh parental educationp**
Age (years)13.64 (0.3)13.66 (0.3)13.63 (0.3)0.33
Gender (% female)54.054.953.30.70
Total screen time (hrs/wk)36.34 (17.51)41.14 (18.54)33.24 (16.12)< 0.001
Self-efficacy to limit TV/movie streaming4.84 (3.28)4.56 (3.46)5.01 (3.14)0.08
Self-efficacy to limit computer/electronic games5.94 (3.91)5.53 (4.12)6.22 (3.74)0.03
TV/movie streaming during breakfast2.40 (1.35)2.51 (1.38)2.32 (1.32)0.073
TV/movie streaming during lunch2.34 (1.23)2.45 (1.25)2.25 (1.19)0.030
TV/movie streaming during dinner2.14 (1.26)2.36 (1.30)1.98 (1.18)< 0.001
Co-viewing with parents3.79 (3.31)4.03 (3.75)3.62 (2.94)0.107
Parental modeling3.27 (0.80)3.42 (0.80)3.19 (0.77)< 0.001
Access to screens1.93 (0.87)2.07 (0.84)1.84 (0.88)0.001
Perceived opportunities for PA in neighborhood4.04 (1.09)3.91 (1.14)4.10 (1.05)0.028
Neighborhood facilities3.65 (1.57)3.41 (1.65)3.75 (1.52)0.006
Neighborhood safety4.66 (0.79)4.62 (0.78)4.69 (0.81)0.247
  1. an varies slightly between variables because of missing data
  2. **p-value for differences between parental education groups (ANOVA and chi-squared test)
  3. PA physical activity