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Table 3 Postoperative outcome after primary esophageal anastomosis for esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula

From: Low gestational age is associated with less anastomotic complications after open primary repair of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula

ComplicationsNo. of patients < 34 GA (n = 20)No. of patients ≥ 34 GA (n = 55)
Related to surgical interventionAnastomotic leakage03* (5.5%)a
Recurrent fistula03* (5.5%)b
Anastomotic stricture08* (14.5%)c
Related to prematurityInfant respiratory distress syndrome11* (55%)0
Intraventricular bleeding5* (25%)2 (3.6%)
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. aIncidence of anastomotic leakage reported in literature: 11–16% [2]
  3. bIncidence of recurrent fistula reported in literature: 4–9% [2]
  4. cIncidence of anastomotic stricture reported in literature: 25–38% [2]
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