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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of patientsa

From: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among pre-adopted and foster children

 Confirmed maternal alcohol consumption
(n = 18)
Alcohol consumption denied or unknown
(n = 71)
Mean Age (y)4.6 ± 1.55.7 ± 2.4
No abnormalities421
Facial dysmorphology43
Low birth weight (≤ 10%)21
Failure to thriveb613
Head circumference ≤ 10%21
Neurocognitive/neurodevelopmental739c
Birth defects24
  1. aSeveral children had more than one characteristic
  2. b Height and/or weight ≤ 10th percentile
  3. cThree children had neurocognitive signs but were not formally diagnosed with a neurocognitive disorder