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Table 1 Description of the included studies

From: Immunization coverage and its determinant factors among children aged 12–23 months in Ethiopia: a systematic review, and Meta- analysis of cross-sectional studies

Authors Study area Sample size Measurement of outcome interest Immunization Coverage of Children aged 12–23 Months Other Main findings JBI-Quality score
Animaw et al., 2014 [18] SNNPR, Arba Minch town and Arba Minch Zuria district 630 Card plus mother recall method 461 (73.2%) were fully immunized 128 (20.3%) were partially and Vaccinated, and 41 (6.5%) were unvaccinated 88.9
Facha, 2015 [19] SNNPR, Arba Minch Zuriya Woreda 210 Card plus mother recall method 112 (53.3%) were fully immunized 90 (42.9%) were partially vaccinated, and 8 (3.8%) did not take any vaccine 88.9
Meleko et al., 2017 [20] SNNR, Mizan Aman town 322 Card plus mother recall method 136 (42.2%) were fully immunized 159 (49.4%) were partially vaccinated, and 27 (8.4%) were unvaccinated. 66.7
Tefera et al., 2018 [21] SNNPR-Worabe, a town 484 Card plus mother recall method 297 (61.4%) were fully vaccinated. 187 (38.6%) were not fully immunized 66.7
Ayano, 2015 [22] SNNPR,Hosanna Town 508 Card plus mother recall method 155 (30.51%) were fully vaccinated 325 (63.98%) were partially vaccinated, and 28 (5.51) were unvaccinated 66.7
Fite and Hailu, 2019 [23] SNNPR Areka Town, Sothern Ethiopia 172 Not specified. 130 (75.6%) are fully vaccinated. 25 (14.5) were partially vaccinated, and 17 (10.1%) were unvaccinated 55.6
Hailu et al., 2019 [24] SNNPR, Wonago district in southern Ethiopia 1116 Card plus mother recall method 585 (52.4%) were fully immunized 333 (29.8%) were partially immunized, and 158 (14.2%) were not immunized 100
Michael Mesfin, 2015 [25] SNNPR, Yirgalem Town 473 Card plus mother recall method 367 (77.8) were fully immunized 96 (20) were partially immunized, and 10 (2.1%) were not immunized 77.8
Mohammed et al. 2013 [26] Oromia, Kombolcha Woreda 694 Card plus mother recall method 159 (22.9%) completely immunized -Of total 168 (24.2%) not immunized, and 367 (52.9%) partially immunized 66.7
Legesse and Dechasa, 2015 [27] Oromia, Sinana district 591 Card plus mother recall method - 454 (76.8%) were fully vaccinated 122 (20.6%) were partiallyVaccinated, and 15 (2.5%) were unvaccinated. 88.9
Melese Girmaye, et al. 2019 [28] Oromia, Wayu-Tuka District 436 Card plus mother recall method Fully vaccination coverage was 73.9% 109 (25%) were partially vaccinated, and (1.1%) were unvaccinated. 66.7
Sheka Shimelis, 2018 [29] Oromia, in Serbo Town 260 Card plus mother recall method 119 (48.8%) were fully immunized −45.5% (126) were incompletely vaccinated and 5.7% (14) did not take any vaccination. 88.9
Udessa, 2018 [30] Oromia, Wadera District 440 Card plus recall method 184 (41.4%) were fully vaccinated Among the total, 26 (5.9%) of the children were unvaccinated. 66.7
Etana and Deressa, 2012 [31] Oromia, Ambo Woreda 536 Card plus mother recall method 191 (35.6%) were fully vaccinated 218 (40.6) were partially vaccinated, and 127 (23.7%) were unvaccinated. 88.9
Wado et al., 2014 [32] Oromia southwestern Ethiopia 889 Immunization coverage by card 329 (37%) were fully vaccinated 361 (40.6%) were partially vaccinated, and 199 (22.4%) were unvaccinated. 77.8
Toyeb Yasine, 2015 [33] Oromia, Tehulederie district 639 Immunization coverage by card 531 (83.1) were fully vaccinated 94 (14.7%) were partially vaccinated, and 14 (2.2%) were unvaccinated. 77.8
Kassahun et al., 2015 [34] Amhar, Lay Armachiho District 751 Card plus mother recall method 571 (76.03%) were fully vaccinated 21.67 were partially vaccinated, and (2.3) not vaccinated at all 88.9
Gualu and Dilie, 2017 [35] Amhara, Debre Markos Town 288 Not specified 264 (91.7%) were fully vaccinated 19 (6.6%) were partially vaccinated, and 5 (1.7%) were not vaccinated at all. 55.6
Mastewal Worku Lake et al., 2016 [36] Amhara, Dessie Town,South Wollo Zone 724 Card plus mother recall method 472 (65.2%) were fully vaccinated 130 (17.9%) were partially vaccinated, and 252 (34.8%) never get vaccine 77.8
Ayal D, 2014 [37] Amhara, Mecha district 497 Card plus mother recall method 245 (49.3%) were fully vaccinated 244 (49.1%) were partially vaccinated, and 8 (1.6%) have never been vaccinated. 66.7
Abebe et al., 2019 [38] Amhara, Woldia Town 389 Card plus mother recall method 343 (87.7%) children were fully immunized 46 (11.8%) were partially vaccinated 66.7
Tadesse daget, 2018 [39] Amhara, Bahirdar town 846 Card plus mother recall method 494 (58.4%) were fully vaccinated 144 (17%)were partially vaccinated and 208 (24.6%) were not vaccinated at all 88.9
Mekonnen et al., 2019 [40] Minjar-Shenkora district 566 mother’s/caregivers’ report 428 (75.6%) were fully vaccinated 105 (18.5%) were partially vaccinated, and 33 (5.9%) were not vaccinated at all 88.9
Ayenew Engida, 2019 [41] Amhara, Gondar city administration 301 Card plus mother recall method 228 (75.7) were fully vaccinated 73 (24.3%) were partially vaccinated 77.8
Girmay and Dadi, 2019 [42] Tigria, Sekota Zuria district. 620 Card plus mother recall method 480 (77.4%) of them were fully immunized 15.5% (96/620) were partially immunized, and 44 (7.1%) did not received vaccin 77.8
Teklay Kidane, 2004 [43] Tigria regional State 110 Card plus mother recall method 83 (75.5%) were fully vaccinated 27 (24.5%) were partially immunized 77.8
Mohamud et al., 2014 [44] Somali National Regional State 582 Card plus mother recall method 213 (36.6%) were fully vaccinated 221 (37.9) were partially vaccinated, and 148 (25.4%) not vaccinated at all 88.9
Yihunie Lakew, 2015 [45] National survey 1927 Card plus mother recall method 468 (24.3%) were fully vaccinated 1170 (60.7%) were partially vaccinated, and 289 (15%) were not vaccinated at all 77.8
Koku Sisay, 2019 [46] National survey 1909 Card plus mother recall method 38.3% are fully vaccinated 61.7% were partially vaccinated. 88.9
Abebech Asmamaw, 2016 [47] National survey 4983 Card plus mother recall method 1296 (26%) are fully vaccinated 88.9