Skip to main content

Table 5 Four Groups with Different Combinations of Early Life Trauma and Recent Life Stressors: MANCOVA results

From: Exploring the stress sensitization theory with temperamentally inhibited children: a population-based study

Mid childhood internalizing symptoms df F Wilks’ λ p
Parent report
 Wave 1 (age 7–8 years) 6, 802 1.49 0.98 0.176
 Wave 2 (age 8–9 years) 6, 798 3.58 0.05a 0.002
 Wave 3 (age 9–10 years) 6, 814 3.58 0.51a 0.002
Child report
 Wave 1 (age 7–8 years) 6, 732 1.64 0.97 0.133
 Wave 2 (age 8–9 years) 6, 740 1.38 0.98 0.219
 Wave 3 (age 9–10 years) 6, 756 1.30 0.02a 0.254
  1. Controlling for preschool inhibition severity and prevention trial arm status
  2. aPillai’s trace is reported rather than Wilks’ λ (Box’s M indicated violation of the assumption of homogeneity of covariance)